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2017 PM (Afternoon) Resolutions

Below are the submitted resolutions for the PM session. The session will be from 1:00 -4:00 pm at the Creve Coeur Drury Inn. Details/Sign Up about the session can be found by clicking here. To submit a resolution, please email it to info@civitas-stl.com. The deadline for resolution submission is Wednesday, November 15th. More information on resolutions/how to submit them can be found here.

 SponsorTopicCommittee
PM-01North KoreaEradication or Lessening of the SanctionsGeneral Assembly
PM-02IndiaSanitation Facility Access in IndiaGeneral Assembly
PM-03BhutanDomestic Violence in IndiaGeneral Assembly
PM-04United States, United KingdomLimited Finances in the U.N.General Assembly
PM-05IrelandTrade Expansion in IrelandGeneral Assembly
PM-06TanzaniaClean Drinking Water in Afghanistan & EthiopiaGeneral Assembly
PM-07Burkina FasoLow Literacy Rates in Burkina FasoGeneral Assembly
PM-08IcelandUniversal HealthcareGeneral Assembly
PM-09MexicoPovertyGeneral Assembly
PM-10PakistanAccess to Clean Drinking WaterGeneral Assembly
PM-11BrazilDeforestation CrisisGeneral Assembly

PM-01

Kaitlyn Barefield

Re.:                             Eradication or Lessening of the Sanctions

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            North Korea

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 17, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.”, and

Whereas Article 23 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Noting with deep concern that, in September, the United Nations unanimously passed a US-drafted resolution imposing another sanction against North Korea in attempted to cap their oil imports and ban them from selling textiles, their second biggest export behind coal, and

Emphasizing that this country has a high dependency on oil and that coal is hazardous to the environment. As well as, textiles is a major income for this country, and

Alarmed by the hypocrisy of the United States and countries alike, the Assembly should not forget that the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and Israel have accumulated around 16,000 nuclear weapons with no punishments, and

Deeply troubled by the impact this will have to the citizens of North Korea because it stunts economic growth and technological advancements, and

Recalling that the same issue is being faced in Venezuela, where sanctions are so drastic that people have to wait in line for hours for bread and other necessities,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Abolish the Resolution made in September that placed harsh punishments on the country of North Korea.
  2. Create a new program that examines the impact of sanctions and can decide whether or not they are justified called the ESW (Economic Sanctions Watch).
  3. Countries that wish to take part in the ESW will be obligated to pay dues to support it but will be given the ability to help aid in reducing hypocrisy and corruption in the placement of economic sanctions.
  4. Hopefully, over the course of a few years with the ESW, economic sanctions will decrease and a new form of punishment can be made so that the civilians in these countries are capable to obtain necessities to thrive.

PM-02

Anh Nguyen

Re.:                             Sanitation Facility Access in India

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            India

Date:                           November 18, 2017

 

Whereas Article 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”, and

Whereas Article 22, of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.”, and

Expressing its appreciation that the UN, along with other countries develops UNICEF’s Strategy for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2016-2030, and

Emphasizing that the majority of rural communities still lack access to safe water and exercise poor hygiene practices, and

Alarmed that the problem is unimproved. 130 million households have no access to toilet, and approximately 72% of rural people still relieve themselves in the open, and

Aware that Indian population is enormous, rapidly expanding and densely resided, and

Deeply concerned that every year, 120,000 children in India either died from worm infection and diarrhea or suffered from malnutrition; and

Noting that women are struggling to seek violence-free defecation sites, often in avoidance of recurring harassments from passersby,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. We would like to extend responsibility of Strategy for WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) by taking on projects like solar water pump installation in rural areas.
  2. The project will include skillful engineers and technicians to work hand in hand with panchayat (village council) and design realistic structures to ensure adequate needs.
  3. Estimated cost for this extension is $30 million dollars; our government would attempt to raise $3 million over the course of three years. The rest of the budget would be asked for help from outside nations through the UN raise dues by 1% on every UN member.
  4. We would like ICRC (the International Committee of the Red Cross) to encourage about 15,000 general practitioners to volunteer in annual check-up for underprivileged minors in India until new facilities are completed.
  5. We would like to provide a new program called WISH (Women Involved in Sanitation and Hygiene) to specialize in training menstrual care for girls to overcome unsafe habits, and social taboos.

PM-03

Gracie Kaul & Zoe Castro

 

Re.:                             Domestic Violence in India

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Bhutan

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”, and

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Whereas Article 5 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”, and

Perturbed that in India, 309,546 crimes against women were reported in 2016, and

Vexed that there was a 134% increase in domestic violence crimes over a ten year period, and

Outraged that more than 54% of men and 51% of women said it was justified for a man to beat his wife if she disrespected him, and

Infuriated that violence against women in India is prevalent in 37% of lifetime physical and/or sexual relationships, and

Aghast that according to a national survey, India is the worst place to be a women due to domestic violence, sexual harassment, and other forms of gender-based violence,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Promote progressive individuals selected by a committee of the United Nations focused on systematically reducing domestic violence in rural and impoverished communities in India.
  2. Individuals selected from Bhutan and other voluntarily participating countries will be trained on detecting the signs of domestic violence in small communities and educated on the culture of India.
  3. Those individuals will then be assigned to specific communities in India and enact domestic violence awareness campaigns.
  4. These people will train the law enforcement to look for signs of abusers and will train to be able to prosecute them effectively.
  5. DVROI (Domestic Violence Relief organization of India) will provide shelters, which will include small income and rehabilitation for the victims and families of the abusers in prison.
  6. To create and fund DVROI and train the volunteers, we propose the UN’s 20th wealthiest countries’ dues be raised by 0.2%.
  7. UN committee of experts on domestic violence prevention will oversee each shelter and help with transportation and delivery of supplies and track the productivity of the program.
  8. Success of DVROI’s efforts will be measured by the declining rate of the domestic violence in India. If the average percentage of domestic abuse reported in India is lowered to 25% in three years, then we propose that this program be renewed another five years and that DVROI expand to other regions of Southeast Asia.

 


PM-04

Re.:                             Limited Finances in the U.N.

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            United States, United Kingdom

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Whereas Article 13 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.”, and

Whereas Article 13 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.”, and

Aware that the U.N. has failed to stop genocides in Rwanda, Somalia, and other countries where they had a presence of peacekeepers, and

Knowing that the U.N. has an international budget smaller than New York City’s police department, and

Concerned that in the past 16 years, all 193 members states have never fully paid their dues, shrinking the already miniscule budget of the U.N., and

Worried that without further support, the U.N. will be unable to prevent escalating conflicts in various areas of the world that could escalate further into genocide,”,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. The United Nations and its member states institute a flat tax equivalent to $2.00 US dollars, or 1.72 euros on every international flight between nations that are members of the U.N.
  2. The U.N. will create a small governing body called Force to Ensure the Just Collection of the Security Tax(FEJCST) to make sure that all of the money will go directly to the U.N.
  3. The program will begin in the new year (2018), giving FEJCST time to arrange a system to collect the tax.
  4. The money collected from said tax will then go towards subsidiary bodies of the Security Council, such as the peacekeeping organizations, as well as the International Court of Justice, to further peace and security in all parts of the world, ensuring the safety of the travelers who are paying the tax, as well as the safety of peoples all around the world.
  5. This would then free up money within the U.N. budget to focus on other bodies of the U.N., such as UNESCO, WHO, and, WFP to further strengthen and improve those programs.

PM-05

Re.:                             Trade Expansion in Ireland

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Ireland

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 23 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.”, and

Whereas Article 23 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Concerned that 7.3% of the world’s population is unemployed, and

Knowing that 6.3% of Ireland’s population is unemployed, and

Seeing that Ireland exports $128 billion USD worth of goods and imports $75 billion USD worth of goods, many of which belong to other countries, in its ports for trade and

Realizing that many countries use Industrial Technology companies to manage this trade, and

Seeing that these countries often have to outsource these companies,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. All countries that import/export goods through Ireland set up Industrial Technology companies and hubs in Ireland.
  2. Ireland will provide 75% of the workers needed and trading countries will provide 25% of needed employees.
  3. Ireland will provide economic opportunities for its citizens as well as the citizens of its trade partners by providing new jobs.
  4. Ireland will strengthen trade deals and alliances with surrounding countries as well as form new trade deals with countries.
  5. By setting up these hubs Ireland will be expanding trade globally as well as providing jobs, strengthening the economies of its trade partners and bolstering its economy.

PM-06

Lily Maynor, Sarah Kaul

Re.:                             Clean Drinking Water in Afghanistan & Ethiopia

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Tanzania

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Whereas a child dies every 21 seconds from a water-related disease, and

Whereas more than 750,000 children die every year due to severe dehydration, and

Whereas only 13% of Afghanistan has clean drinking water readily available, and

Whereas in Kabul, Afghanistan 80% of people lack access to clean drinking water, and 95% (5.7 million) lack access to improved sanitation facilities, and

Whereas 42 million people in Ethiopia lack access to clean water. That’s more than 8 times the population of Norway, and

Whereas water-related illnesses are the top causes of death in Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Tanzania and numerous other countries,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. The United Nations will partner with Water is Life™ to provide LifeStraws and The Water Project™ to build wells for communities in need, in regions of Afghanistan and Ethiopia, and help these communities gain access to clean water.
  2. We will find the top 50 communities in need, in each country, consisting of those furthest away from water sources and those most highly affected by waterborne diseases.
  3. We will train 5-20 workers in each community, forming a committee (depending on need and population) providing jobs to socio-economically struggling families and then training these workers. We will also provide a minimum of 100 LifeStraws to each community and build 1 well in each area.
  4. Cost of building 100 wells is approximately $800,000. $8000 per well. 10,000+ LifeStraws are approximately $100,000.
  5. 1-2 UN Representatives will go to each community to train and aid, depending on the population of the community for 6 months.
  6. Transportation, wages and housing for UN workers to train and aid the community members in building wells and distribution of LifeStraws will vary for each community. Wages will be approximately $10,000 for 6 months so for about 150 representatives, $1,500,000 total. However, partnering with pre-existing expert organizations will definitely lower the cost and ensure

PM-07

Re.:                             Low Literacy Rates in Burkina Faso

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Burkina Faso

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 26, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance, and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United nations for the maintenance of peace.”, and

Appalled that Burkina Faso’s literacy rate is only 36%, and

Emphasizing that the average literacy rate of Sub-Saharan Africa is less than 65%, and

Recognizing that 19 of the 25 richest countries have a literacy rate of over 99% and the world average is 86%, and

Dismayed that Burkina Faso’s lack of resources such as teachers and educational necessities have limited it from providing an adequate education to its citizens,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Hire 2,875 teachers (preferably from Burkina Faso, but French speaking teachers from around the world will be chosen, as the lessons will be in French) to teach 115,000 illiterate children from the city of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso for 12 months.
  2. Provide 11,500 sets of “School in a Box” (educational supplies for 40 students and 1 teacher that lasts for 3 months) that will provide for all of the students for 12 months.
  3. Raise the dues of the 10 nations that pay the highest amount (Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russian Federation, UK, and USA) by 5%. The money will be used to cover the teachers’ cost of living, $57,000,000, and to cover the cost of “School in a Box” supplies, $1,863,000.
  4. Check the efficiency of the program by assessing if it has greatly improved the literacy of at least 50% of the children in 12 months to see if the program should continue.
  5. Once 80% of the group of children pass a literacy test, move the program around to other areas of Burkina Faso.
  6. Based upon the resolution’s success, expand it to the surrounding countries of Mali, Niger, Chad, and Guinea who have even lower literacy rates and also have French as an official language.

PM-08

Helene Lawing & Cathy Stout

Re.:                             Universal Healthcare

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Iceland

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 21, section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Noting that Iceland successfully enacted universal, comprehensive health care through the Health Services Act in 1974 and continues to provide these services for their citizens, and

Recognizing that other developed countries without universal health care have lower life expectancies and greater medical debt, and

Concerned that, in the United States, medical bills have been the number one reason for filing for bankruptcy, and

Worried that citizens delay getting medical help due to fear of the costs and financial instability,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly: 

  1. Encourages other countries to adopt more extensive healthcare policies.
  2. Understands that national economies can not make grand-scale changes immediately, but
  3. Requests the creation of a six year plan to gradually increase federal funding into health care services.
  4. The creation of a committee that carefully monitors increasing taxation to assist the general population.

 


PM-09

Deanna Farmer & Ellen Hollins

Re.:                             Poverty

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Mexico

Date:                           November 18, 2017

Whereas Article 2 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without any distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.”, and 

Whereas Article 2 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.”, and 

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and 

Whereas Article 5 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”, and

Whereas Article 13 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.”, and

Whereas Article 13 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.”, and

Whereas Article 18 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion of belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.”, and

Aware that in 2016, Mexico’s unemployment rate was around 3.88 percent, and

Saddened that one in seven Mexican workers earn the average minimum wage of 65.58 pesos ($5.10) a day or less, national statistics office INEGI says. The average hourly wage in Mexico 20140, and 

Recognizing that they show that Mexico’s poverty rate fell slightly between 2010 and 2012, dropping 0.6%, from 46.1 percent to 45.5 percent 2013, and 

Concerned that in spite of the fact that elementary and junior high school are mandatory, 40% of youth fifteen years old and above cannot read and write, 9.5% of the population aged 5 to 17 years does not attend school (2005 CONTEO survey), and close to 12.5% of the children and youth work, which corresponds to approximately 3.6 million children (INEGI, 2008 – National Institute for Statistics and Geography), and

Alarmed that, in 2005, 24% of children experienced severe deprivations of housing (children who live in homes with 5 or more people per room or with dirt floors); 5% had no access to any kind of sanitation services and 7% experienced severe deprivations of information (children between 3 and 17 years old without access to Television, Internet or who do not read), and

Concerned that the unemployment rate in Mexico decreased to 3.6% in May of 2017 from 4% a year ago and in line with market expectations,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly: 

  1. We will create a program called FPIM, Fighting Poverty in Mexico. It will create businesses in order to raise the minimum wage in Mexico. By providing income to families, the children will be able to stay in school because they will not have to work. They also will have money to get the medical help they need in order to focus on their school work. For example, if they are suffering from ADD, ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, etc they can get medicine.
  2. We will create two shopping malls, three grocery stores, and five schools. We will hire 1,000 Mexican workers who are living in poverty. This will cost us 340,000 per week in order to meet our new minimum wage of $8.50 which was increased by $3.40. It will also cost an extra 5,000 to buy materials for the stores. For the people we are not supporting with our business we need approximately 799,374 to help the other people remaining in poverty.
  3. In order to get funding, we will accept donations from businesses across the world and raise UN dues in order to make 25,000,000 dollars or more to donate to Mexico. We will take 3% of dues from Botswana, China, Germany, Japan, and the Russian federation.
  4. This will take us two years for the building process. We will also run our program for two years and if it is unsuccessful, we will cancel the program.
  5. We urge that nations support our resolution because fighting poverty is expensive, yet important. Without solving poverty, there will be no growth in the welfare of Mexicans.

PM-10

Amna Saeed & Jarred McCormick

Re.:                             Access to Clean Drinking Water

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Pakistan

Date:                           November 18, 2017

 

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Concerned that Pakistan, a country with a population of 179.16 M, is suffering a  major threat in regards of sanitary drinking water, and

Noting that this unsanitary water not only causes health problems within the country itself, but also crosses borders to countries such as India, Afghanistan, and Iran,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. The UN to help create a plan to establish a source of sanitary water and raise money for filters that can supply the 51 cities within Pakistan.
  2. We propose that the UN ought to supply each city with a wastewater system, in order to do so, we need about $700,000 – $1M to supply the entire country with clean, safe to drink water.
  3. We request for ten nations involved in the UN to invest 0.5% USD in order to achieve this goal.

 


PM-11

Daria Nastasia

Re.:                             Deforestation Crisis

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Brazil

Date:                           November 18, 2017

 

Whereas the world faces a crisis with respect to deforestation this century, and

Keeping in mind that the rainforests in Brazil are disappearing due to deforestation by international corporations at an alarming rate, and

Acknowledging that forests are a vital natural resource to all nations on Earth, and

Also acknowledging that forests are highly useful for allowing our planet to sustain life and in the fight against climate change, and

Reaffirming the United Nations’ pledge to halt the loss of vital natural resources, and

Reaffirming the United Nations’ support for national sovereignty, and

Aware that implementation of the reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) initiative is the most pragmatic way to solve this problem,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly: 

  1. An international institution mandated by the United Nations will perform the duties of tracking each country’s’ deforestation rate and estimate each country’s illegal deforestation.
  2. The international institution will work with the United Nations and national government to make broadly known to populations globally the results of tracking each country’s’ deforestation rate and estimate each country’s illegal deforestation.
  3. Require every international corporation to introduce a “zero deforestation” policy, according to which, during business operations and expansion, no forest areas are cleared, or if forest areas are converted then there is an equal area of replacement elsewhere, and thus there is a zero net deforestation.
  4. Request that member states of the United Nations implement a tax on every virgin tree used and create mechanisms for enforcing thus mandate.
  5. Deforestation should be cut by 50% by 2050.
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