Gateway Model United Nations

Resolutions for Friday, April 24, 1998 Session (to Comments on Resolutions)

Political & Security Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Political & Security      

GA-51

Mongolia Security Council Vetoes New

PS-51

Rwanda Civil Strife

PS-52

Iran Current Situation in Iraq

PS-53

Vatican City Peace in the Gulf
SC-53 / PS-54 Iceland, Spain, Costa Rica The Middle Eastern Hitler New
PS-55 Iceland, Spain Kurdistan New
SC-54-PS-56 United States, United Kingdom Ready Reaction Force New
PS-57 Netherlands Northern Ireland Conflict New
PS-58 Iran American Sanctions Against Iran New
PS-59 Ukraine Prevention of World War III New

Economic & Social Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Economic & Social      

ES-51

Croatia Nuclear Weapon Proliferation Sent to Security Council

ES-52

Iran, Bahrain Technical Cooperation with Developing Countries Passed, 12 - 8 -2

ES-53

Netherlands Legalization of Marijuana New

ES-54

Vatican City Albanian Crisis New

ES-55

Bahrain Nuclear Smuggling New

Human Rights Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Human Rights      

HR-51

Vatican City, Iceland An End to Abortion Tabled, 15-1-1

HR-52

Australia Civilian Massacres in Algeria Passed, 17-4-3

HR-53

Egypt El Nino / Mudslides in Peru

HR-54

Netherlands Child Labor Standards New

HR-55

France Abolishing Death Penalty New

Security Council

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Security Council      

SC-51

Russian Fed. Iraq Weapons Control

SC-52

Australia Anti-Personnel Land Mines
SC-53 / PS-54 Iceland, Spain, Costa Rica The Middle Eastern Hitler New
SC-54-PS-56 United States, United Kingdom Ready Reaction Force New
SC-55 France Security Council Permanent Members New

 

Spring, 1998

Resolution GA-51

Re: Security Council Vetoes
Submitted to:
General Assembly
Submitted by:
Mongolia
Date:
March 26, 1998

Having examined recent votes on resolutions, and

Observing that there are many good resolutions, and

Deeply disturbed that many of these resolutions are defeated by closed-minded delegates of the Security Council, and

Confident that many delegates are willing to keep their minds open to new policies,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Amend the structure of the Security Council to add more permanent members giving a wider view on issues than the normal five permanent members.
  2. Allow vetoed resolutions to be overridden and passed by a 2/3 majority vote in the General Assembly.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-51

Re: Civil Strife
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Submitted by: Rwanda
Date: March 13, 1998

Recalling the tragic genocide in Rwanda in 1994, and

Alarmed by the far extent of damage from the crisis, and

Noting that the crisis:

Convinced that ethnically/religiously motivated disputes are present in numerous regions of the world and can effect unpredictable circumstances, and

Desiring the preservation of an atmosphere of peace and security,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Supports ethnically and culturally diverse nations and their attempts to attain national unity.
  2. Urges countries with strong religious and/or tribal populations to ensure peaceful relations between groups in their country.
  3. Calls upon governments of countries where tensions are or could become present to promptly act as a mediator for the peace process or designate other parties to do so.
  4. Recognizes the fact that, in the event of a crisis, some nations may need logistic support in areas such as communication, health facilities, and investigative/judicial procedures.
  5. Authorizes the UNDRO, IMF, and UNDP to coordinate a concentrated effort in the event described in Operative Clause 2.
  6. Resolves that the specific regional effort must:
  1. Notes that this effort will be sustained until officials from UNDRO, IMF, and UNDP determine that the aid is no longer necessary.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-52

Re: Current Situation in Iraq
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Submitted by: Islamic Republic of Iran
Date: March 11, 1998

Alarmed by the actions of Saddam Hussein, and

Deeply disturbed by the mass quantities of chemical and biological weapons in his control, and

Fully aware of the danger he has created for everyone, and

Fearing the safety of our country, as well as other countries around the world, and

Hoping to be able avoid a was of any kind, and

Seeking to come to a peaceful solution before a war breaks out,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

1. Demand that Saddam Hussein allow all United Nations inspection teams to enter Iraq despite the nationality of its members.

2. Suspend Iraqi voting rights in all committees of the United Nations until Saddam Hussein and the United Nation’s officials have successfully formed an agreement establishing future relations between Iraq and the members of the United Nation.

3. Place a ban on production and storage of all types of chemical and biological weapons in every country.

  1. Set a standard form of punishment for any country caught in the production, sale, transportation and/or use of chemical or biological weapons.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-53

Re: Peace in the Gulf
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Submitted by: Vatican City
Date: February 18, 1998

Noting with regret that the nation of Iraq controls chemical weapons of great danger, and

Aware that the United States is willing to take military action against Iraq, and

Understanding that a war of great magnitude could cause serious consequences, and

Noting with regret that Saddam Hussein’s regime has persecuted its own people for years,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Declare the current Iraqi regime non-existent.
  2. Replace the current regime with a provisional government backed by the persecuted Iraqi dissidents.
  3. Replace the UN delegation of Iraq with that of the new provisional government.
  4. Request monetary aid from other nations to be sent to the provisional Iraqi government.
  5. Request that the new Iraqi government be placed in a foreign nation with continuing protection from UN soldiers against an attack.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-53 / PS -54

Re: The Middle Eastern Hitler
Submitted to:
Security Council, Political & Security Committee
Submitted by:
Iceland, Spain, Costa Rica
Date:
March 24, 1998

Recalling that in 1991 the country of Iraq, under the direct control of its president, Saddam Hussein, invaded the neighboring country of Kuwait, and

Realizing that following the Persian Gulf war, demilitarized zones were established in northern and southern Iraq, and

Also noting that one of the team stated that there are to be no chemical, biological, or nuclear weaponry in Iraq, and

Appalled at the fact that Saddam Hussein has broken every promise has been made and is still a threat to the world. This includes attacking the Kurds with soldiers, so

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. The United Nations declare Saddam Hussein a war criminal.
  2. The United Nations do everything short of using force to expel him from office.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-55

Re: Kurdistan
Submitted to:
Political & Security Committee
Submitted by:
Iceland, Spain
Date:
March 20, 1998

Realizing that throughout the years the Iraqi government has brutally attacked Kurdish culture and way of life, and

Recalling that from 1975 to 1985, the Kurdish population of Iraq has rebelled several times as a result of this harsh treatment, and

Appalled that now, under Saddam Hussein, Iraq’s treatment of the Kurds has turned from harsh to genocide, and

Noting that the Kurds make up 15 – 20% of Iraq’s population, which attributes to about 2,400,000 to 3,200,000 people, and

Also noting that because of this genocide, Kurdish refugees are flooding into the neighboring countries of Turkey, Syria, and Iran, and

Seeing that the main reason the Kurds support Hussein’s government,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Set up a government-in-exile for the Kurds.
  2. Set up the headquarters in a building next to U.N. headquarters.
  3. The United Nations do everything within its power to aid this government-in-exile.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-54 / PS -56

Re:                 Ready Reaction Force
Submitted to:
Security Council, Political & Security Committee
Submitted by:
United States, United Kingdom
Date:
            March 24, 1998

Noting that the current United Nations peace-keeping forces are inadequate, and

Realizing that currently most of the United Nations peace-keeping responsibilities fall upon the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Russia (with many forces coming from NATO), and

Recognizing that there is a need to change how we organize our peace-keeping forces, and

Aware of the slow response time of the current forces,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. All funds appropriated by the United Nations for peace-keeping forces be diverted to the RRF with the exception of funds being used for current operations such as Bosnia.
  2. A 0.1% increase in membership dues be implemented in the next fiscal year and, in addition, all member nations with veto power will contribute military equipment (i.e., helicopters, trucks, etc.), train and outfit the unit.
  3. All member nations (with the exception of the five permanent members of the Security Council) will contribute troops to the RRF, but no more than 850 troops per member nation and the total force cannot equal more than 100,000 troops (the number of troops can be increased and decreased according to the needs of the Security Council). The number of troops each country contributes will be based on a percentage of the member nation’s population.
  4. The deployment of these troops would require approval of a majority of the General Assembly and/or 2/3 of the Security Council.
  5. These troops will be for peace-keeping and enforcement of United Nations policies.
  6. A United Nations special committee shall be created. It will be called the Ready Reaction Force Committee (RRFC). The purpose of the RRFC will be to officially organize and set up the RRF on January 1, 2000. This committee will be under the direct supervision of the General Assembly.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-57

Re:                 Northern Ireland Conflict
Submitted to: Political and Security Committee
Submitted by: Netherlands
Date:         April 24, 1998

Noting that the Northern Ireland conflict has remained unsettled since 1920 when the Government of Ireland Act created the Irish Freestate and British-controlled Northern Ireland, and

Remembering the many innocent lives lost as a result of this conflict, and

Acknowledging that peace talks were started in September of 1997, and

Realizing that these peace talks have been greatly hindered by continued terrorist acts,

Be it hereby Resolved That:

  1. A mediator appointed by the United Nations will be sent to Ulster to oversee and assist the peace talks.
  2. This mediator will ensure that all rights, privileges, and grievances be properly addressed.
  3. Unless terrorist acts ceased, peacekeeping troops will be sent to Northern Ireland to permit the peace talks to continue.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-58

Re:               American Sanctions Against Iran
Submitted to:   Political and Security Committee
Submitted by:   Iran
Date:           April 24, 1998

Noticing that Japan, China, and Canada have largely ignored American requests for trade sanctions, and

Noticing that Turkey, Kuwait, and the U.A.E. have expanded commercial links with Iran, and

Also noticing that oil and natural gas deals with the Commonwealth of Independent States have proceeded as planned, and

Taking note that crude oil production in 1996-1997 was HIGHER than in 1993-1994, and

Also noting that the budget deficit, external debt, and trade deficits are smaller, and

Bearing in mind that Iran has close ties with Russia, China, India, Indonesia, and Brazil, which together account for nearly half of the world’s population, and

Recognizing that Iran has hundreds of treaties of friendship, cooperation, trade, and cultural exchange with developing and developed countries on six continents, and

Fully aware that only two countries: Israel and Uzbekistan have agreed to follow the United State’s sanctions, and

Noting with satisfaction that while America was encouraging its allies to discontinue trading with Iran, The United States itself has become Iran’s FOURTH LARGEST trading partner, and

Observing that an American University professor, Graham Fouler, termed the United States’ sanctions against Iran as ineffective and irrational, and

Seeing that Fouler also stated that the sanctions act was ratified by a group of "helpless and depressed" Congressmen, who are willing to give up Washington’s policy in order to exert pressure on Iran, and

Reporting that the Iranian economy under the sanctions is healthier and more stable than many of the countries the United States has assisted, and

Further reporting that Iran’s military is stronger and less vulnerable that some of the American allies in the region,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Force the removal of all American sanctions against Iran.
  2. Establish a meeting between Iranian and American Officials to discuss future trading policies.
  3. Form severe consequences for those countries imposing sanctions on others with no logical reason.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution PS-59

Re:                 Prevention of World War III
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Submitted by: Ukraine
Date:         April 15, 1998

Fully aware that Ukraine’s nuclear warheads are currently in a deteriorated and deadly state, and

Convinced that a complete disarmament of nuclear warheads by Ukraine could be followed by disarmament in other countries, and

Knowing that to disarm Ukrainian warheads would likely mean sending them to the nearest facility in Russia, and

Taking note that Russia is still a threat to Ukraine, and

Recognizing that military support by the United Nations would prove extremely useful in the event of a Russian aggression, and

Realizing that the United States has been known to have troubled relationships with several countries with "unstable" rulers and potential weapons, and

Having considered that Ukraine has one half of this requirement,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Authorizes Ukraine’s nuclear warhead disarmament.
  2. Affirms Ukraine’s request for United Nations military support in the event of an invasion.
  3. Urges the other countries which own nuclear warheads that are in a deteriorated state or a non-deteriorated state to take measures to disarm them as Ukraine plans to do.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution ES-51

Re: Nuclear Weapon Proliferation
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Submitted by: Croatia
Date: March 13, 1998

Realizing that each country has the right to develop nuclear capabilities, and

Deeply concerned about the destabilizing political and economic impact that can occur due to the development of nuclear weaponry and the possible distribution of these weapons which can cause further destabilization, and

Alarmed by the amount of terrorism in the world and by the increasing possibility that terrorist groups could intercept nuclear weapons or the products used in developing the weapons,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Recommends a potential economic embargo on all countries willing to sell their nuclear weapons or their components needed to develop these weapons.
  2. Calls upon the United Nations to form an anti-terrorist task force that will consist of manpower and supplies provided by the nations belonging to the Security Council. This task force will help maintain economic and political stability of each nation.

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Spring, 1998

Passed, 3/21/98; 12-8-2

Resolution ES-52

Re: Technological Cooperation with Developing Countries
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Submitted by: Iran, Bahrain
Date: March 13, 1998

Recognizing that increased cooperation is taking place among developing countries and their institutions through the sharing of expertise, experience and facilities, and

Recognizing also that technical cooperation among developing countries is an effective tool for implementing development programs and projects through the use of relevant experience and expertise and could also facilitate trade among nations, and

Reiterating that developing countries have a primary responsibility for promoting technical cooperation among themselves, and that developed countries and the United Nations system should assist support such activities and should play a prominent role as promoters and catalysts of technical cooperation among developing countries,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Calls upon all parties in the development effort to make concerted, planned and vigorous endeavors to benefit from utilization of the capacities of developing countries, by giving their full support and first consideration to the use of technical cooperation among developing nations.
  2. Calls for increased use, where appropriate, by developed nation partners of consultants from developing countries so as to improve the cost-effectiveness of projects and programs.
  3. Invites all countries of the United Nations to review further their policies and practices to facilitate the use of technical cooperation among developing countries.
  4. Urges developing countries to encourage greater use of technical cooperation among developing countries in the implementation of national development activities and projects.
  1. Urges war technology to be excluded from technology exchange.
  2. Larger countries would adopt one to two small countries and aid them in agriculture, medicine, and industry.
  3. Clinics, schools & factories will be set up in developing countries to train, teach, educate, and inform citizens of the developing countries.
  4. Countries aiding would be given an incentive for helping; a 10% reduction in U.N. dues.
  5. Countries would be assigned to one another by the five permanent countries of the Security Council and five developing countries.
  6. Aid shall be only economic, not political.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution ES-53

Re:                 Legalization of Marijuana
Submitted to: Economic & Social
Sponsored by: The Netherlands
Date:            March 5, 1998

Aware that marijuana, has many medical, yet is still illegal in many countries. A few medical uses: can be used to help chemotherapy patients, those with glaucoma, or victims of AIDS who are in the stage of the AIDS wasting syndrome, Spasticity, epilepsy, asthma, migraines, arthritis, and cystic fibrosis.

Also aware that hemp comes from the marijuana plant and has many everyday uses as well. It can be used to make clothes and the hemp fabric is much stronger than cotton, it can be used to make rope, textiles, oil, and paint.

Statistics showing that marijuana hasn’t caused any deaths and is not addicting while alcohol kills thousands every year and it is still legal.

Deciding that Marijuana could be the solution for many of the world’s problems. 1) If people started making paper and paper products out of hemp so many trees wouldn’t have to be cut down. 2) If everyone around the world could grow marijuana, they could then make a form of tofu from it and feed the starving people of the world. 3) It is believed that 90% of the world's energy needs can be met by using methane and methanol produced from hemp grown bio-mass.

Noting that legalization would result in less spending on the criminal justice system and lower the amount of arrests and imprisonments around the world. It would also give cops better things to focus on like real crimes.

Realizing that legalization would reduce the amount of marijuana users. Holland legalized marijuana in 1976 and the percent of reduction has gone down 40%.

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Marijuana be legalized all over the world.
  2. A marijuana license be instituted to those who plan on using or growing marijuana after passing a test on the known side-effects, cautions, etc... that they should be aware of.
  3. If a person commits any crime/felony under the influence of marijuana they can have their license provoked and they get to sit through a 6 hour lecture on being bad and they aren't allowed to fall asleep.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution ES-54

Re:                 Albanian Crisis
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Submitted by: Vatican City
Date:         April 15, 1998

Making note of the collapsed Albanian economy, and

Appalled by the lack of international intervention in this situation, and

Noting the miserable living conditions of this area, and

Encouraging toward the Albanian crisis,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Calls for the remedy of the medical care crisis in Albania.
    1. Introduces UK’s "Know How" Fund to provide medical support and train medical experts in the area.
    2. Encourages "Doctors without Borders" to work in Albania.
    3. Provides medical technology through the "Know How" Fund.
    4. Invites the International Red Cross to provide aid as well.
  2. Calls for funds from the UN Coordinator for Economic Assistance and requests continual support from the IMF.
  3. Requests education from the "Know How" Fund.
    1. Provides education in employment, human resources, free media, economic assistance and vocational skills.
    2. Establishes agricultural programs.
  4. Calls for a "Guns for Aid" program.
    1. Aid may include food or medical assistance.
  5. Encourages ethnic Albanians to stay in Albania.
  6. Establishes a "Truth and Reconciliation Committee"
    1. To be modeled after that in South Africa.
    2. Which will be constituted of academics, diplomats, and religious figures.
  7. Calls upon the Albanian government in conjunction with the IMF to take the following economic measures:
    1. Achieve real growth of GDP of approximately 12% in 1999.
    2. Bring down annual inflation rate 15-20% in 1999.
    3. Improve tax collection in Albania.
    4. Privatize two or three state-owned commercial banks.
    5. Shut down companies run on pyramid schemes.
  8. Decides to remain actively seized on the matter.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution ES-55

Re.:                  Nuclear Smuggling
Submitted to: Economic and Social Committee
Submitted by: Bahrain
Date:          April 18, 1998

    Recognizing each sovereign nation as its own,

    Noting with regret the threat of the illegal transport of nuclear materials,

    Realizing that there are organizations and/or individuals who wish to obtain nuclear material for harmful purposes,

    Expressing its regret that nuclear weapons are the greatest threat to the survival of mankind,

    Acknowledging that there are successful nuclear monitoring systems in current use that can serve as models for other facilities,

    Understanding that many nations can not immediately implement necessary changes in nuclear security because of economic reasons,

Be It Hereby Resolved That the General Assembly:

  1. Strongly urges basic security measures be taken, according to each nation’s needs such as the purchasing of devices for securing/detecting nuclear material including:
    1. Geiger counters,
    2. Neutron Scanning Devices,
    3. Metal detectors,
    4. Security cameras,
    5. Increased border security,
    6. Periodic internal checks of nuclear storage facilities;
  2. Reaffirms the commitments of the various governments and national law enforcement agencies to work together to eliminate nuclear smuggling by:
    1. Cooperative extradition,
    2. Dispersion of information on nuclear smuggling,
    3. Establishing cooperative security agreements,
    4. Using high technology such as satellites to prevent smuggling;
  3. Authorizes the European Atomic Energy Agency (EURATOM), Non-Governmental Organization, Inter-Governmental Organizations, Trans-National corporations, and member nations to contribute to an optional fund to provide the monetary means to implement these measures, and to be overseen by this committee;
  4. Further Authorizes that the donations to the aforementioned fund will be distributed as follows:
    1. For nations that donate money:
      1. An international panel of nuclear experts will be established in order to help supervise the use of this money
      2. Countries will submit a proposal to these experts.
      3. If the experts approve of the proposal, funds will be paid from the fund, in increments so that progress can be monitored.
      4. Sporadic checks will follow, in order to insure that guidelines are being met.
      5. If necessary, the panel will assist in modernizing facilities.
    2. Nations that do not donate money yet petition the panel for the use of funds will not be allowed to participate in the program until they have begun to support the fund,
    3. If nations do not comply with the agreement, and spend the funds on matters not relating to nuclear security:
      1. All contributions from the fund will cease,
      2. This committee will make it known to the world community that the offending nation has misused funds;
  5. Requests that all equipment included in the panel’s guidelines would be carefully monitored by national governments as well as the companies that manufacture them;
  6. Commends the use of new technology in order to reduce pollution, and produce lower-grade plutonium using methods such as light-water reactors;
  7. Supports programs such as the Institute of Science and Technology, which offer employment to nuclear scientists that work for the advancement of the use of peaceful nuclear technologies;
  8. Further Authorizes the creation of an international hiring database for the purpose of finding employment for those displaced nuclear technicians and scientists not already working for the panel, or for peaceful research institutes.

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Spring, 1998

Tabled, 3/21/98; 15-1-1

Resolution HR-51

Re: An End To Abortion
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Vatican City, Iceland
Date: February 14, 1998

Concerned with the life of the unborn children of the world, and

Acknowledging that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares in Article 3 that "Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and the security of person", and

Seeing that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a "common standard of achievement" for the nations presently in the United Nations,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Make abortion illegal except in cases where the mother's life is in danger (as a last resort) in international law, conforming to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  2. Punish those nations who refuse to conform to the new international law through suspension of voting rights.
  3. Demand the shutdown of abortion clinics all over the world.
  4. Urge nations to help fund adoption services at an amount of 20% of their MUN dues, in which the reward for doing so is 10% off United Nations dues for a period of five years.
  5. Demand that the international law be in legislation immediately.

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Spring, 1998

Passed, 3/21/98; 17-4-3

Resolution HR-52

Re: Civilian Massacres in Algeria
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Australia
Date: March 16, 1998

Deeply disturbed that at least one thousand and eighty-two people have been killed in the last four months by the Armed Islamic Group in Algeria, and

Fully alarmed that since 1992 an estimated 75,000 innocent people have been completely annihilated by the Armed Islamic Group’s nighttime attacks, and

Recalling that Articles 5 and 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment," and that, "No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his [her] privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his protection of the law against such attacks," and

Painfully aware of the horror young girls and women are facing such as being kidnapped, raped, and thoroughly mutilated and slaughtered by the Armed Islamic Group, and

Taking into account that on September 1, 1997 the Algerian government put Abassi Madani, former leader of the banned Islamic Salvation Front (FIS), under house arrest, and

Noting with regret that the basis of Madani’s arrest was his writing of an open letter to the United Nations urging peace talks and negotiations between the Algerian government and the Armed Islamic Group to end violence in Algeria,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Demand that the raping of women and girls stop immediately and demand that attacks on entire villages cease.
  2. Demand that the United Nations intervene in this matter by offering protection to the villagers.
  3. Demand Strongly urge that the Armed Islamic Group and the Algerian government come together to increase communication and begin peace talks.
  4. Demand that the United Nations mediate peace negotiations between the Armed Islamic Group and the government of Algeria by setting up a neutral board made up of the five permanent members of the Security Council plus representative delegations meeting in a neutral county, i.e. Switzerland.
  5. Calls for the Security Council to consider the use of peace-keeping forces to protect villages at risk in the even that peace talks are not successful.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution HR-53

Re: El Nino / Mudslides in Peru
Submitted to:
Human Rights Committee
Submitted by:
Egypt
Date:
March 21, 1998

Realizing that El Nino is causing natural disasters in Peru, and

Aware that a power plant was destroyed by mudslides just 12 miles away from the Inca’s Machu Picchu site, and

Deeply concerned for the people of Peru since 55 people were reported missing, and since last year, at least 200 people were killed and 200,000 people were forced to abandon their homes, and

Bearing in mind that in February of 1997, mudslides buried up to 300 people in two villages, 40 miles east of Cusco, and in February, 1998, at least 20 people died in an avalanche that occurred 12 miles from the Friday, February 28, 1998 disaster,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Encourages any nation to offer support to Peru.
    1. Able countries donate money.
    2. Send social worker advisors to help the people.
  2. Calls upon willing countries to send volunteer service groups to help rebuild the communities by building houses.
  3. Further requests that within one year, at least four communities be built to the satisfaction of five delegates that are voted in from the United States.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution HR-54

Re:                 Child Labor Standards
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Netherlands
Date:        December 3, 1997

Recognizing that some countries need children to work in order to maintain a stable economy, and

Noting that some families also need the money obtained by this labor, and

Bearing in mind that child labor is a source for child abuse,

Be it hereby resolved that the GENERAL ASSEMBLY:

  1. Demands regulations on child labor, such as:
  2. a. Amount of time spent on work and school:

    1-- Under age 8, prohibit work.

    2-- Age 8-15, require education, but allow a choice of working no more than 4 hours a day.

    3-- Age 15-16, offer optional schooling with a choice of work for no more than 6 hours daily.

    4-- Age 16 and above be given a choice of education and/or full time employment.

    b. Conditions of the job:

    1-- Sufficient lighting (e.g. windows, electric lights) for visual needs of the job.

    2-- Acceptable air quality, conducive to good health.

    3-- Research done and action taken regarding the accident rate of jobs.

    4-- Sufficient training given to the workers before beginning a job.

    c. Children (as defined above) receive at least 75% of the pay of adults doing comparable labor.

  3. Designates a committee with branches in each country to assess the situation of places of labor which employ children.
  4. Demands that the U.N. sanction countries who do not submit to these standards.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution HR-55

Re:                 Abolishing Death Penalty
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: France
Date:               April 7, 1998

Acknowledging that the death penalty is a cruel, unusual, and inhuman punishment towards human beings, and

Noting that human beings can be rehabilitated and no longer are a threat to society, and

Recalling that many innocent human beings have been executed because of unfair trials,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Request that the United Nations put sanctions on any countries who refuse to abide by the resolution.
  2. Call upon the United Nations to help set up labor camps for all death-row inmates so they can form some kind of revenue for the United Nations.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-51

Re: Iraq Weapons Control
Submitted to: Security Council
Submitted by: Russian Federation
Date: March 13, 1998

Believing that the continued surveillance and inspection of Iraq’s weapons is necessary for world peace, and

Deeply concerned by the fact that Iraq is suspected of owning and developing various biological weapons, and

Noting with regret that Iraq has broken multiple treaties concerning the inspection of these weapons by refusing an inspection team entrance into building suspected of housing biological weapons, and

Realizing that Iraq has signed a new agreement concerning the inspection of these questionable facilities,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. All countries exert political pressure on Iraq to strictly adhere to the new agreement.
  2. If the time comes where Iraq does not adhere to their agreement that the United Nations support a military strike on Iraq with the intent of ousting the current leaders and destroying any suspicious weapons sites.
  3. Accordingly if the action called for in Operative Clause 2 should become necessary that afterwards Iraq should become a mandate of the United Nations under the cooperative guidance of the Security Council’s permanent members in order to further preserve world peace and to prevent the use of biological weapons.
  4. The mandate called for in Operative Clause 3 should continue its existence until such a time that the Security Council deems it able to rule its self without fear of threat to neighboring countries.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-52

Re: Anti-Personnel Land Mines
Submitted to: Security Council
Submitted by: Australia
Date: March 16, 1998

Fully alarmed that anti-personnel land mines have been the primary cause of death amongst civilians during and after wars, and

Deeply disturbed that today in countries such as Vietnam and Angola where active warfare has been non-existent for years, there are still many incidences of land mines such as Bouncing Betties and Claymores that release pellets in many directions or fly up to explode in the air injuring anyone in the area, and

Noting with regret that mine detection and disarmament is painfully slow and that for every mine taken out, there are three more put in, and that it costs about $3.00 to put one in and $3,000.00 to remove one, and

Recalling that in Article 11 of the UN Charter, the General Assembly could consider the general principle of disarmament and the regulation of armaments; and Article 26 required the Security Council to submit plans for a system of armament regulation; and Article 47 establishes a military staff committee to assist the Security Council in this task,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. The Security Council immediately organize the said military staff committee and prod them into action to accomplish the following:
    1. Appeal to organizations such as the OAU (Organization for African Unity) and the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific to aid the committee regionally, and
    2. Undertake a project for detecting anti-personnel land mines more efficiently.
  2. The General Assembly whole-heartedly support the movement for the irradication of land mines.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-53 / PS -54

Re: The Middle Eastern Hitler
Submitted to:
Security Council, Political & Security Committee
Submitted by:
Iceland, Spain, Costa Rica
Date:
March 24, 1998

Recalling that in 1991 the country of Iraq, under the direct control of its president, Saddam Hussein, invaded the neighboring country of Kuwait, and

Realizing that following the Persian Gulf war, demilitarized zones were established in northern and southern Iraq, and

Also noting that one of the team stated that there are to be no chemical, biological, or nuclear weaponry in Iraq, and

Appalled at the fact that Saddam Hussein has broken every promise has been made and is still a threat to the world. This includes attacking the Kurds with soldiers, so

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. The United Nations declare Saddam Hussein a war criminal.
  2. The United Nations do everything short of using force to expel him from office.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-54 / PS -56

Re: Ready Reaction Force
Submitted to:
Security Council, Political & Security Committee
Submitted by:
United States, United Kingdom
Date:
March 24, 1998

Noting that the current United Nations peace-keeping forces are inadequate, and

Realizing that currently most of the United Nations peace-keeping responsibilities fall upon the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Russia (with many forces coming from NATO), and

Recognizing that there is a need to change how we organize our peace-keeping forces, and

Aware of the slow response time of the current forces,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. All funds appropriated by the United Nations for peace-keeping forces be diverted to the RRF with the exception of funds being used for current operations such as Bosnia.
  2. A 0.1% increase in membership dues be implemented in the next fiscal year and, in addition, all member nations with veto power will contribute military equipment (i.e., helicopters, trucks, etc.), train and outfit the unit.
  3. All member nations (with the exception of the five permanent members of the Security Council) will contribute troops to the RRF, but no more than 850 troops per member nation and the total force cannot equal more than 100,000 troops (the number of troops can be increased and decreased according to the needs of the Security Council). The number of troops each country contributes will be based on a percentage of the member nation’s population.
  4. The deployment of these troops would require approval of a majority of the General Assembly and/or 2/3 of the Security Council.
  5. These troops will be for peace-keeping and enforcement of United Nations policies.
  6. A United Nations special committee shall be created. It will be called the Ready Reaction Force Committee (RRFC). The purpose of the RRFC will be to officially organize and set up the RRF on January 1, 2000. This committee will be under the direct supervision of the General Assembly.

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Spring, 1998

Resolution SC-55

Re:                 Security Council Permanent Members
Submitted to: Security Council
Submitted by: France
Date:        April 6, 1998

In consideration of the fact that many member nations of the United Nations, including Japan, would like to alter the traditional structure of the Security Council to include permanent representation from nations other than those now comprising the permanent five, and

Disturbed that some countries have found the administration of the Security Council lacking in its open-mindedness, but

Confident that the members of the Security Council are doing their best to maintain open minds toward any and all resolutions that come into their jurisdiction, and

Aware that a resolution (GA-51) has been drawn up to add more permanent members to the Security Council and to allow for the General Assembly to override vetoes made by Security Council permanent members with a 2/3 majority vote,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The Security Council:

  1. Examine the sensibility of maintaining the traditional structure of the Security Council.
  2. Preserve the balance of power currently employed in the Security Council by not altering the status of any currently non-permanent nations to a permanent status.
  3. Not allow a 2/3 majority vote in the General Assembly to override any vetoes made by permanent members of the Security Council.

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