Gateway Model United Nations

Resolution Index for April 11, 1997

General Assembly Resolutions (New)

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored
by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
General Assembly      

GA-01

U.A.R., etc. Modifying Veto Power in Security Council Passed, 30-19

GA-02

U.S.A., etc. Voting Rights for Vatican City & P.L.O. Defeated 12-15

Political & Security Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored
by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Political & Security      

PS-51

Iceland/ U.K. Trouble Ahead With China? Amended, Passed

PS-52

U.A.R. The Musandam Peninsula  

PS-53

Ukraine Political & Economic Status of Taiwan Amended, Passed 10-2-1

PS-54

France Overpopulation  

PS-55

Cyprus Turkish Invasion of Cyprus Amended, Passed

PS-56

Hungary The Education of Children  

PS-57

Vatican City U.N. Peacekeeping  

PS-58

Czech Republic Political Conflict in Cyprus  

PS-59

Cyprus International Terrorism  

PS-60

Greece Turkish Militarization of Cyprus  

PS-61

Guinea-Bissau Sett Up Ready Reaction Force  

Economic & Social Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Economic & Social      

ES-51

Botswana Child Labor  

ES-52

Ethiopia Population Explosion  

ES-53

Bosnia / Herzegovina Question of Child Labour  

ES-54

Nicaragua Medicinal Use of Marijuana  

ES-55

Guinea-Bissau Portuguese Reparations to Guinea-Bissau  

ES-56

Hungary Cloning of Animals & Humans  

ES-57

Burundi Financial Aid for Burundi  

ES-58

China United Nations Funding  

ES-59

Syria Cloning Technology  

ES-60

France Striking French Workers  

ES-61

Afghanistan Restoration of Afghanistan's Government  

ES-62

Czech Republic Implementation of Common Currency and Central Stock Exchange in Europe  

ES-63

Burundi United Nations Funding  

ES-64

Burundi Financial Aid for Burundi  

ES-65

Ukraine Labor Force in Ukraine  

ES-66

Portugal Rain Deforetation  

Human Rights Committee

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Human Rights      

HR-51

Botswana Human Cloning & Genetic Engineering Amended, defeated 17-20-2

HR-52

Bosnia / Herzegovina Question of Chinese Muslims  

HR-53

Ethiopia Violation of Human Rights in Afghanistan due to Taliban  

HR-54

Iceland Children, The World’s Future  

HR-55

Japan Women’s Rights in China  

HR-56

Spain Immigration Laws  

HR-57

France Child Labor  

HR-58

France Atrocities in East Timor  

HR-59

Croatia Schooling in Third World Countries Amended, passed, 26-10-0

HR-60

Croatia Children's & Women's Human Rights Amended, defeated, 9-16-2

HR-61

Afghanistan Continuing Crisis in Chernobyl  

HR-62

Cyprus Human Rights Violations by Rebels from Zaire  

Security Council

Comm./ Res.

Sponsored

by:

Brief Description

STATUS

       
Security Council      

SC-51/PS-51

Iceland/U.K. Trouble Ahead with China?  

SC-52

Guinea-Bissau Terrorism Aboard Passenger Airplanes  

SC-53

China Payment of National Dues  

SC-54

Russia Troops to Afghanistan  

SC-55

China Civil Strife in Afghanistan  

SC-56

China The Payment of National Dues  

SC-57

Guinea-Bissau Abuse of Diplomatic Immunity  
SC-58 Chile The Situation in Israel  
SC-59 Chile The Future of UN Peacekeeping Operations  
SC-60 Chile The Crisis in the Former Yugoslavia Passed
SC-61 Chile The Crisis in the Great Lakes Region of Africa  

Resolution PS-51

Re.: Trouble Ahead With China?
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee & Security Council
Submitted by: Iceland and United Kingdom
Date: March 22, 1997

Being aware that China has been caught selling nuclear weapons technology to Pakistan at the means of counterbalancing India, and

Alarmed that China tested M-9 nuclear missiles around Taiwan to attempt to influence the elections there, and

Recalling that this year Hong Kong again becomes part of China which we have to objection to, but

Fully alarmed that China plans to take Macau Peninsula from Portugal in 1999, and

Deeply concerned that China has continuously promised to stop selling and testing nuclear weapons and then broke their word behind our backs, and

Noting further that China has signed the Missile Technology Control Regime which states that the buying, selling, and testing of nuclear technology is forbidden,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly and Security Council:

  1. Demand that all nations must follow all regulations and treaties which they have signed.
  2. Demand that China leave both Taiwan and Macau alone.
  3. If China bothers another of its neighbors it will receive a punishment that suits the violation. This punishment will be determined by the Political and Security Committee and approved by the Security Council.

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Resolution PS-52

Re: The Musandam Peninsula
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: United Arab Emirates
Date: March 22, 1997

In so much as the Musandam Peninsula was given to Oman as part of a deal by the Sultan of Oman and involved the giving of 2,000,000 pounds to certain British officials, and

Seeing that this peninsula was previously owned by the Sheik Rasal Khayma, who was a resident of the United Arab Emirates, and

Noting that geographically the Musandam Peninsula is closer to the U.A.E. than it is to Oman,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The Musandam Peninsula be returned to the sheik’s relatives and the people of the U.A.E.
  2. The people of Musandam can decide to retain Omani citizenship or become residents of the U.A.E.
  3. All residents wishing to stay, may.

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Resolution PS-53 (Amended and Passed 10-2-1)

Re: Political and Economic Status of Taiwan
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Ukraine
Date: March 22, 1997

Recognizing that Taiwan has been living apart from the Chinese mainland for almost fifty years, and

Seeing that, by far, since Taiwan is the most prosperous former province of China, most countries have wished to establish official diplomatic and economic ties with Taiwan, and

Noting that 16 countries already have embassies in Taiwan and Taiwan has trade representatives in 22 countries, including the United States,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Any country wishing to set up an embassy in Taiwan be allowed to without the threat of Chinese reprisal.
  2. Any country wishing to invite Taiwanese trade representatives or investors be allowed to without threat of reprisals from China.
  3. Any country feeling threatened because of Chinese reprisals receive the assurance of the United Nations against that.
  4. Demand that all nations must follow all regulations and treaties which they have signed.
  5. Demand that China not intimidate both Taiwan and Macau.
  6. If China bothers another of its neighbors, it will receive a punishment that suits the violation. The punishment will be determined by the Political and Security Committee and approved by the General Assembly. Possible punishments include but are not limited to membership issues and/or trade embargoes.

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Resolution PS-54

Re: Overpopulation
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: France
Date: March 22, 1997

Aware that the majority of the people in overpopulated countries are deprived of freedom, education, health care, and basic human rights, and

Noting that as stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 25 (1), "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family....", and

Believing that the governments of these countries are aware of their overpopulation and poverty problems, but make minimal efforts to control problems caused by overpopulation,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Provide funding for family planning services in countries where it is not already available, and whose religious and cultural beliefs permit the use of birth control.
  2. Enforce Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by:
    1. Requiring countries to fund education for children up to sixteen years of age, and health services for all.
    2.  
    3. Funding would be provided by the government of affected countries, or would be included in part of the United Nations dues if countries are struggling economically.
  3. Set up adoption agencies/services that make adoption possible for children who are not wanted or whose families are not able to support them.
    1. If adoption agencies already exist they will be improved (as needed) to meet the requirements stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    2.  
    3. Also, make adoption far more accessible for families in foreign countries who wish to adopt, but are not able to:
      1. This can be accomplished by easing some restrictions placed upon adoption, and reducing the amount of years one must wait to adopt a child.

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Resolution PS-55

Re: Turkish Invasion of Cyprus
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Cyprus
Date: April 11, 1997

Fully alarmed by the placement of Turkish military troops, and

Realizing that there are over 30,000 Turkish troops stationed in Cyprus, and

Taking into consideration that Turkey is violating every sense of justice and treaties bearing her signature, and

Noting that many buildings, such as churches and schools, are being destroyed by Turkish troops, and

Noting further that Turkey is destroying and wiping out the millennia of cultural heritage, property of the whole world from the occupied part of Cyprus, and

Also noting that the efforts of the Cyprus government prove inadequate to save this heritage, and

Convinced that the demographic status quo is being overturned – a situation which has already received a critical blow with the invasion and violent displacement of 200,000 Greek-Cypriots,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. A meeting between Cypriot and Turkish officials be set up to reach some type of an agreement.
  2. Cyprus strongly encourages other countries to not associate themselves with Turkey until some form of agreement can be made.
  3. Cyprus calls upon the help of other nations to come to the aid of Cyprus if no agreement can be formed.

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Resolution PS-56

Re: The Education of Children
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Hungary
Date: April 11, 1997

Recognizing the need to teach children the basics of reading and writing, and

Observing the increasing tendency of countries and families to neglect schooling to their children, and

Seeking immediate action to provide children with the basic knowledge needed to live a happy and productive life,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Urge every member nation to provide a minimum of elementary schooling to children (between the ages of 6 – 14).
  2. Express its hopes for nations to provide higher education opportunities to children after the elementary level of schooling.
  3. Draw attention to the fact that an educated citizen is more productive in the world’s modern communities.
  4. Realize that some countries do not have the financial stability to start a schooling program nationwide for its children.
  5. Request that these nations petition the World Bank, other countries, or other financial institutions for loans or grants in order to establish elementary schooling for all its children.
  6. Hope that nations will not only provide elementary schooling for its children but also higher education opportunities for its citizens.
  7. Thank the maker and all member nations in coming to a quick resolution of this horrendous injustice.

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Resolution PS-57

Re: U.N. Peacekeeping
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Vatican City
Date: April 11, 1997

Noting that the number of weapons of destruction is growing larger every year, and

Convinced that war, death, and destruction are all evils faced by this world because of these weapons, and

Fully aware that it is unrealistic to force every nation to give up their supplies of weapons or to never have wars, and

Stressing the need to end all hostile actions taken by U.N. peacekeeping forces, and

Further noting the excessive use of U.N. peacekeepers, and

Emphasizing the inability of peacekeeping forces to perform as efficiently when forces are spread all around the world,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Encourages the United Nations to respect national sovereignty.
  2. Hopes that all peace-loving nations will limit the number of weapons they own.
  3. Encourages a separate committee be formed in order to decide where U.N. peacekeepers are actually needed.
  4. Recommends that this new U.N. Peacekeeping Committee be more selective in sending peacekeeping forces to areas in supposed need.
  5. Encourages the committee to be made up of all members of the Security Council at that time.
  6. Recommends that the nations with veto power be unable to use that power in the decisions of this committee.

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Resolution PS-58

Re: Political Conflict in Cyprus
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Czech Republic
Date: April 11, 1997

Whereas the United Nations is committed to the goal of maintaining world peace and unity, and

Recognizing that in this nuclear age, global peace can be eradicated by the start of a single war, and

Seeing that the right circumstances exist in the country of Cyprus to cause a number of countries to make war, and

Realizing that this war could possibly spread throughout the world and thus create chaos,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The Security Council appoint a neutral panel to study the problem in Cyprus and the panel be instructed to do two things:
    1. The panel draw up a resolution to solve the problem that exists in Cyprus.
    2. The panel ask a Greek representative, a Greek Cypriot representative, a Turkish representative, and a Turkish Cypriot representative to meet with the panel to discuss the resolution and peace.

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Resolution PS-59

Re: International Terrorism
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Cyprus
Date: April 11, 1997

Realizing that terrorism is no longer limited to acts of violence nor are all acts of violence considered terrorist, and

Noting that to better deal with acts of terrorism, a universal declaration on international terrorism is needed, and

Believing that any legislation on terrorism must be limited to the context of international terrorism,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Call for a special ad hoc committee to be assembled to further investigate terrorism and report annually to the Political & Security Committee for further anti-terrorism legislation.
  2. Request that the aforementioned ad hoc committee be constructed in the following manner:
    1. Consist of fifteen members who will be voted in by the General Assembly vote at the annual meeting of the ad hoc committee and the Political & Security Committee.
    2. The committee be independent of all government and Political & Security Committee control.
  3. Recognize the following as characteristics of international terrorism:
    1. Only Acts that cross international borders.
    2. Any act that remains within a nation’s borders is national terrorism and cannot be dealt with by the UN unless the nation in which that act occurs calls for intervention.
    3. Any act which is harmful to the innocent who have no connection to the terrorists.
    4. International terrorism includes but is not limited to: illegal narcotics trafficking, black market arms trade, use of threats or violence as a political or personal means.
    5. Any act which causes severe mental anguish or physical harm to an innocent party.
  4. Ask the Security Council to take any means necessary to eliminate terrorism.

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Resolution PS-60

Re: Turkish Militarization of Cyprus
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Greece
Date: April 11, 1997

Whereas Cyprus is divided between a Greek majority and a Turkish minority, and

Seeing that the militaristic Turkish settlers have recently put anti-aircraft missiles on Northern Cyprus,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Greece recognizes a "North Cyprus" or "Turkish Cyprus"; the Turks be obligated to recognize the Greek annexation of South Cyprus.
  2. There be a one mile "buffer zone" patrolled by U.N. peace-keeping forces in between both states for the purpose of preventing violence.
  3. Turkey withdraw all military forces and Greece will agree to do the same upon completion of this process.

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Resolution PS-61

Re: Setting Up Ready Reaction Force
Submitted to: Political & Security Committee
Sponsored by: Guinea-Bissau
Date: April 11, 1997

Recognizing that the current U.N peace-keeping force is insufficient, and

Noting that the U.N. needs a type of rapid response force in place of current peace-keeping incidents like Bosnia or Rwanda from escalating,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. All U.N. member countries (except those with veto power) contribute soldiers to equal 25,000 soldiers.
  2. The current amount of the U.N. budget that is for the current peace-keeping force be diverted to this new force.
  3. The member countries outfit and train these soldiers in peace-keeping and tactical warfare.
  4. The deployment of this unit is to be determined by the General Assembly.

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Resolution ES-51

Re: Child Labor
Submitted to: Economic and Social Committee
Sponsored by: Botswana
Date: March 22, 1997

Deeply disturbed at the alarming numbers of children exploited in the work forces of a great many nations, and

Firmly believing that there is no excuse for allowing the exploitation of children by exposing them to hazardous working conditions, nor is it proper for governments to condone such practices, and

Noting that the lack of reliable information on child labor practices makes it much more difficult to relieve the problem.

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Conduct research to obtain accurate data on the number of children actually working, what type of work they are doing, and under what conditions they are working.
  2. Call upon member nations to ban the employment of children under the age of 14 by the year 2006, and until then, to limit the number of hours children under 14 may work to 4 and require that employed children also attend school.
  3. Suggest that member nations, until 2006, require companies that hire more than 50 children under the age of 14 to pay fees to the governments of the nations in which they operate totaling no less than two times the amount of the wages paid to the children they employ, and which fees must be used by governments to fund education for children.
  4. Authorize a 2% increase in the dues of any nation that does not comply with Operative Clauses two or three.

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Resolution ES-52

Re: Population Explosion
Submitted to: Economic and Social Committee
Sponsored by: Ethiopia
Date: March 22, 1997

Noting with great concern that the Earth’s population is doubling approximately every forty years, and

Taking into account the fact that a greater population will demand more food than is currently produced, and

Further noting that many countries, including China, India, and Ethiopia already have stretched their natural resources to their limits trying to feed the current population, and

Realizing that with every increase in population comes a greater chance of famine and disease,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The United Nations quickly form a committee to address this problem.
  2. The United Nations urges all member nations to address this problem in their homeland.

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Resolution ES-53

Re: Question of Child Labour
Submitted to: Economic and Social Committee
Sponsored by: Bosnia / Herzegovina
Date: March 22, 1997

Believing that the International Labour Office (ILO) has been an important part in eliminating child labour, and

Recognizing that direct technical assistance to countries comes through the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), and

Deeply regretting that in many developed and developing nations children work instead of receiving an education, and

Greatly alarmed by the especially intolerable forms of child labour: under forced, exploitative, and hazardous conditions and occupations instead of going to school, and

Understanding that child labour is an important source of income for many poverty-stricken families, and that immediate elimination of child labour is impractical and will be unenforceable, and

Noting with concern the detrimental effects labour has on children, both physically and mentally,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Deplore nations which tolerate child labour in forced, exploitative or hazardous conditions.
  2. Affirm that as childhood is a crucial stage in development, physically and emotionally harmful labour at a young age could damage the child forever.
  3. Encourage nations to educate their people so that children will not need to work to supplement the income of their families, and provide alternatives to labour for children, such as school.
  4. Suggest that the ILO research the nature and magnitude of forced, exploitative and hazardous child labour conditions and report their findings to the UN.
  5. Call upon all nations to cooperate with the ILO and aid its research in every way possible.
  6. Strongly urge nations to individually initiate policies which will make it unprofitable for businesses to use children as labourers, and to develop protective legislation for children, such as minimum working age laws.
  7. Propose that, as child labour cannot be eliminated immediately, the focus be on the most desperate circumstances; especially young children working under forced, hazardous working conditions.
  8. Express its hope that the ILO will be of great heal in the decisive elimination of child labour and that, through the above means, child labor will soon be obsolete.

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Resolution ES-54

Re: Medicinal Use of Marijuana
Submitted to: Economic and Social Committee
Sponsored by: Nicaragua
Date: March 22, 1997

Recognizing the recent controversy concerning the legalization of medicinal marijuana in the state of California, and

Understanding the need for the legalization of marijuana and hemp products to support troubled economies in South America and Africa, and

Realizing that such legalizations would greatly benefit Nicaragua and the majority of the countries in the United Nations economically and socially, and

Desiring to end the pain of thousands of cancer patients and people living with glaucoma and other hurtful conditions,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Studies begin immediately to determine the exact medicinal benefits of cannabis.
  2. The United Nations put pressure on countries to legalize the drug for medicinal purposes.
  3. Recommend that after a suitable time period after the legalization of the drug for medicinal purposes, that the drug be legalized everywhere to everyone over 18.

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Resolution ES-55

Re: Portuguese Reparations to Guinea-Bissau
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Guinea-Bissau
Date: March 22, 1997

Seeing that during the occupation of our country by the Portuguese, the fabric of our society was destroyed by the imperialist Portuguese, and

Noting that since decolonization Guinea-Bissau has been stricken by a plight of despotism and poverty, and

Recognizing that Portugal has the means and the ways to pay reparations to Guinea-Bissau,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Portugal immediately pay reparations to Guinea-Bissau in the amount of twenty billion American dollars.
  2. Failure to pay will result in the request of sanctions placed on Portugal for violations of Guinea-Bissau’s basic human rights.

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Resolution ES-56

Re: Cloning of Animals and Humans
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Hungary
Date: March 22, 1997

Noting the recent technological development involving the cloning of animals, and

Also noting the speculation about the possible cloning of humans, and

Understanding the controversy surrounding this issue, and possible scientific, ethical, and moral questions that may arise,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. A committee consisting of six members be appointed to study and report on this issue.
  2. This committee will be composed of three scientists and three other specialists who will investigate ethical and moral questions.
  3. This committee be approved by the General Assembly before it is commissioned to begin the study.

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Resolution ES-57

Re: Financial Aid for Burundi
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Burundi
Date: March 22, 1997

Deeply disturbed by the growing number of poverty-stricken residents living in Burundi, and

Fully alarmed by the extensive soil erosion in the Burundian fields apparently caused by overgrazing, which is severely crippling Burundi’s agricultural economy, and

Reaffirming the fact that Burundi is one of the world’s poorest nations,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Call upon the United Nations to send aid in the form of food, clothing, and medicine to Burundi over the next five years.
  2. Recommend that this aid be administered in a joint Burundi/UN operation.
  3. In addition, Burundi calls upon the UN to send fertilizers and soil enhancing agents as well as economic assistance in developing the already significant coffee bean production. While enhancing coffee bean production, this assistance should also help in the development of crops to support our starving people.

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Resolution ES-58

Re: United Nations Funding
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: China
Date: March 22, 1997

Realizing that U.N. finances and how they are obtained have become a major issue, and

Acknowledging that one nation cannot be expected to fund the organization entirely, and

Committed to a fair means of determining how funding shall be derived,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. A nation pay a percent of the U.N. budget equal to the percent of the total GNP of their country in relation to other member states.
  2. A nation not paying this amount must request for an exemption from this payment due to circumstances within the country requiring this exemption.
  3. A body called the U.N. Funding Exemption Committee (UNFEC) shall determine whether exemption is necessary based on the following criteria:
    1. The country’s poverty level.
    2. The country’s defense and weapons budget.
  4. If it is determined that a request for exemption is valid, then the funding procedure above shall be repeated minus the GNP of the exempted nation.
  5. UNFEC shall be comprised of the three top U.N. funding nations, who possess veto power, and a rotation of twelve other nations, to be selected in a random rotation of the remaining nations.
  6. A country may not vote for or against its own exemption.

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Resolution ES-59

Re: Cloning Technology
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Syria
Date: March 22, 1997

Realizing that a new area of science, cloning, is a successful pursuit, and

Having considered the value of such technology, in producing superior fruits, vegetables, and livestock, and fowl, and

Seeking to further research in this area of science that is of international value,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Recommend that nations employ researchers and seek to add to the world’s knowledge on:
    1. The possible values of cloning technology.
    2. The possibility of superior products in size, duration, and flavor.
    3. The safety of such products.
  2. Encourages a sense of unity in this pursuit among nations, with healthy competition.
  3. Further urges nations to put emphasis on non-human cloning.

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Resolution ES-60

Re: Striking French Workers
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: France
Date: March 22, 1997

Aware that French laborers have gone on strike many times, and

Realizing that these workers need higher pay and better job security,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Initiate negotiations between the workers’ unions and employers. This will put them on closer terms and make it easier for them to reach a compromise.
  2. Be a non-biased and non-partisan, supporting both the workers and the corporations.
  3. Educate the corporations of the reasons for dissatisfaction among the workers which include low pay and lack of job security.

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Resolution ES-61

Re: Restoration of Afghanistan’s government
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Afghanistan
Date: April 11, 1997

Recalling recent turmoil in Afghanistan and its rightful government being overthrown by the Taliban, and

Realizing that a country cannot properly function without its government, and its people are the ones who suffer, and

Aware that it has become necessary to remove the Taliban, an illegitimate group in power whose negative hold on Afghanistan has not been able to be eliminated internally,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Call upon the United Nations to send troops to enter Afghanistan, remove the Taliban, and restore Afghanistan’s rightful government.

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Resolution ES-62

Re: Implementation of a Common Currency & Central Stock Exchange in Europe
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Czech Republic
Date: April 11, 1997

Observing the inconsistency of the currencies in all of the European countries, and

Noting that a currency is only worth as much as the government(s) that stand behind it, and

Also observing the confusion between the different exchanges in Europe, and

Deeply convinced that the European region is in need of a central financial institution, and

Taking into account the resurrecting industries in the post-war region,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Suggest that the European countries create a financial alliance in order to cultivate economic growth.
  2. Request that these countries also designate a common place for a Regional Stock Exchange.
  3. Solemnly affirm that these alliances are created for the sole purpose of economic and social growth for the European region.

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Resolution ES-63

Re: United Nations Funding
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Burundi
Date: April 11, 1997

Aware that the budget of the United Nations runs over 1.7 billion dollars, and

Realizing that only 70 countries have paid their contribution to the annual budget in full, and

Expressing its regret that 42 countries have contributed nothing at all to the budget,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Recommend that the Security Council take action against countries unwilling to contribute to the budget.
  2. Stress the need for a special emergency fund to be established by the financially stable countries to aid those countries unable to make their assessed contribution to the budget.

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Resolution ES-64

Re: Financial Aid for Burundi
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Burundi
Date: April 11, 1997

Deeply disturbed by the growing number of poverty-stricken residents living in Burundi, and

Fully alarmed by the extensive soil erosion in the Burundian fields, apparently caused by overgrazing, which is severely crippling Burundi’s agricultural economy, and

Reaffirming the fact that Burundi is one of the world’s poorest nations,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Call upon the United Nations to send aid in the form of food, clothing, and medicine to Burundi over the next five years.
  2. Recommend that this aid be administered in a joint Burundian/UN operation.
  3. In addition, Burundi calls upon the UN to send fertilizers and soil enhancing agents as well as economic assistance in developing the already significant coffee bean production. While enhancing coffee bean production, this assistance should also help in the development of crops to support our starving people.

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Resolution ES-65

Re: Labor Force in the Ukraine
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Ukraine
Date: April 11, 1997

Whereas the total population of the Ukraine based on 1995 statistics is 51,867,828, and

Taking into consideration that the population is higher now than before, and

Aware of the fact that only 23.55 million people are currently employed and a large number of residents are unregistered or underemployed, and

Recognizing the rising unemployment rate has already and will continue to hurt the government and residents of the Ukraine,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The U.N. work together with private companies to create better jobs to help the underemployed workers.
  2. Private companies in the Ukraine create more jobs for the unregistered people who are willing and want to work.
  3. Industries in the Ukraine form more jobs in industry to help increase industrial output.
  4. These operative clauses described in #1-3 begin May 1, 1997 or sooner.

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Resolution ES-66

Re: Rain Deforestation
Submitted to: Economic & Social Committee
Sponsored by: Portugal
Date: April 11, 1997

Aware of the fact that trees give us oxygen for daily use, and

Noting with neglect that our oxygen producing forests are being removed at great speed, and

Fully alarmed by the loss of rainforest which reduces the habitat of various endangered species, and

Keeping in mind that if we destroy rainforest we will lose valuable sources of scientific research, and

Acknowledging that the loss of trees would result in a chain reaction loss of plants and the ecosystem of the rainforest,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The U.N. endorse the creation of a committee set up to protect the rainforest from being depleted.
  2. The committee will be called the Ecosystem Preservation Committee.
  3. The U.N. strongly condemn the continuation of rainforest destruction by fining companies or countries permitting this.
  4. The new committee take responsibility for fundraising and protecting the rainforest.

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Resolution HR-51

Re.: Human Cloning and Genetic Enhancement
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Botswana
Date: March 22, 1997

Fully aware of the potential for human cloning and genetic enhancement to destroy natural biological processes as with natural selection, and

Realizing that inequalities and mistreatment could occur within all societies on the basis of genetic differences, and

Noting that humans could be created to create a race of war superfighters to take over our world, and

Concerned that a human could also be created for a sole organ or body part and then killed, and

Remembering all the negative impacts of so-called scientific advancements on the environment, and

Understanding that we cannot possibly understand all the human rights violations that could occur if these practices became common,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Condemn the creation of human clones until we can fully understand its purpose and human rights implications.
  2. Question the enhancement of genes without comprehension of its effect on world societies and the advancement of human rights.
  3. Support the continued study of human genetics to better understand the way the human body functions and possible uses for gene therapy.

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Resolution HR-52

Re.: Question of Chinese Muslims
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Bosnia / Herzegovina
Date: March 22, 1997

Observing that recent riots and bus bombings have been taking place in the Chinese province of Xinjiang, which is occupied by Muslim Uighurs, and

Fully alarmed that Chinese officials have called for a repression of pro-independence and religious activities in Xinjiang until these problems end,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Condemn China’s plan of repression of religious freedom for the Muslims.
  2. Express its hope that China can form programs promoting religious tolerance among ethnic groups so that further fighting will not ensue.
    1. Educate the public about different religious groups and the meanings of their customs.
    2. Show the public that they are for religious freedom, not religious oppression.
  3. Urge China to further investigate this issue before declaring that the riots and bus bombings were planed by Muslims.
  4. Further resolve that if the problems are being caused by Muslims, Chinese officials determine why they are acting in these ways and try to help the Muslims, rather than make them even angrier and repress them even more than they have been.

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Resolution HR-53

Re.: Violation of Human Rights in Afghanistan due to current Taliban
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Ethiopia
Date: March 22, 1997

Realizing that the current Taliban in Afghanistan is resulting in the violation of human rights belonging to all, and

Taking into account that under this Taliban the women of Afghanistan are being held prisoners in their own homes, unable to leave unless escorted by a man, and

Noting that without the ability to leave their homes alone, these women, many of whom are widowed or without sons, are unable to obtain food, water, or medical care, needed for survival, and

Noting further that upon leaving their homes unescorted by a male, the female population of Afghanistan risks being slaughtered in the streets, and

Noting with deep concern that many women in Afghanistan have already fallen victim to the guns of the militant army that has instituted and enforced the Taliban,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Urge that the United Nations take immediate action to remove the army that has taken over the government of Afghanistan.
  2. Suggest that those responsible for instituting the Taliban and enforcing it be held accountable for their actions and be tried and punished for the war crimes they have committed.
  3. Also suggest that the families of the victims slaughtered under the Taliban be compensated in some way for the violation of human rights that they were forced to undergo.

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Resolution HR-54

Re.: Children, The World’s Future
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Iceland
Date: March 22, 1997

Alarmed that thousands of Chinese orphans are dying every year, and

Fully alarmed that the deaths of these orphans are due to the government and orphanages intent to reduce its orphan population, and

Taking note that according to many reports, this has and is going up, and

Enraged that these deaths are due to torture, sexual assault, and starvation done by employees of the orphanages, and
Alarmed that the Chinese government consider these orphans "surplus" population and that there is no regret, because it furthers their objectives of reducing population growth, and

Deeply disturbed that China refuses to open these orphanages for adoption instead of killing the children,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Request that China open its orphanages for adoption.
  2. Demand that China stop killing, harassing, and torturing their orphans.
  3. Demand that China give full medical treatment to all its children, including orphans.

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Resolution HR-55

Re.: Women’s Rights in China
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Japan
Date: March 22, 1997

Recognizing that women in China are being forced into having an abortion because of a law saying only one child per family, and

Whereas fathers are selling their daughters to the highest bidder; to be a man’s wife,

Be It Hereby Resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Declare that no government has the right to decide what happens to a person’s body; or have any control over one’s own body.
  2. Further declare that marriages where one person buys the other is nothing more than slavery.
  3. Affirm that the right to control one’s own body and the right not to be enslaved should be held as two of the most basic human rights along with food, clothing, and shelter.

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Resolution HR-56

Re.: Immigration Laws
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Submitted by: Spain
Date: March 22, 1997

Realizing that immigration is an increasing problem in many countries, and

Recognizing that illegal immigrants can take jobs away from citizens, increasing the unemployment rate, and

Acknowledging that tax payers pay for public schools, which are attended by children of illegal immigrants, and

Realizing that tax payers supply the health clinics that illegal aliens can attend free,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. All member nations should require that:
    1. Proof of citizenship or legal status as an immigrant be presented when:
      1. Applying for a job.
      2. Receiving services from a health care facility.
      3. Registering for schools.
  2. Heavy fines be put on anyone who:
    1. Fails to report illegal aliens.
    2. Violates Clause #1.

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Resolution HR-57

Re: Child Labor
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: France
Date: March 22, 1997

Acknowledging that 250 million children are forced to work to keep food in their mouths and the mouths of their families, and

Realizing that the majority of the child labor force work in unhealthy, unsanitary, filthy conditions, and

Aware that many children work under unsafe conditions, such as in mines and assembly fireworks, and

Aware that many children of school age work for lack of educational opportunities, as well as for lack of financial stability, and

Expressing deep concern for the children who suffer not only physically but mentally, for lack of contact with peers their own age they do not develop trust and are unable to communicate feelings, and

Noting that in many countries such as Africa, Asia, and Latin America, the use of child labor is the only way for families to survive, and

Equally aware that Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: "(1) everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work [...] (3) everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. [...],

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. Products made by child labor, such as Nike, be boycotted by all countries.
  2. The U.N. fund, possibly in cooperation with mission schools, a project to place several schools in nations where there is a high rate of child labor, such as Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
  3. The U.N. demand that all nations write a minimum age of employment (suggested at 12 years old) into law.
  4. The U.N. ask that all nations encourage the attending of the schools provided for those under 12 years of age.

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Resolution HR-58

Re: Atrocities in East Timor
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: France
Date: March 22, 1997

Recalling that East Timor gained independence from Portugal in 1975, but Indonesia invaded and claimed East Timor as its "27th province", and

Recognizing that for the last twenty-one years, the island has experienced genocide through military attack, forced starvation, torture, rape, and sterilization of Timorese women. No on is allowed passage in or out of the country, and

Recommending interference by the U.N. to stop Indonesia from keeping up the genocide and stopping the military hold on the island, giving back control to East Timor,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The U.N. force Indonesia to release hold of East Timor.
  2. If Indonesia does not pull out of East Timor, their voting rights will be revoked.

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Resolution HR-59

Re: Schooling in Third World Countries
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: Croatia
Date: April 11, 1997

Aware that many children in third world countries are forced to quit school in order to work so that they may eat, and

Noting Clause 1 of Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that, "Everyone has the right to education....", and

Bearing in mind that if these children do not get an education, they have no hope of improving their situation, and

Mindful that 35,000 children die of hunger every day, and

Noting Clause 1 of Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that "Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.", and

Hoping that this resolution will begin to alleviate some of those problems,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Suggests that a certain amount of food or money, based on need, be given to children who choose to attend school which would make attending more beneficial or as beneficial to them as working in the street.
  2. Designates a committee to find which areas are in most need of this program.
  3. Instructs other committees to be formed to oversee the operation of the program in each area.
  4. Recommends that the source for the financial aspects be NGOs from more developed nations and, if economically possible, the government(s) of the nation(s) being aided.

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Resolution HR-60

Re: Children’s and Women’s Human Rights
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: Croatia
Date: April 11, 1997

Aware that children’s and women’s rights are being violated in Korea, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Malaysia, and many other third world countries, and

Realizing that women and children are working for low wages, long hours, and in a diseased working environment, in factories or sometimes called sweatshops, and

Also recognizing that some women and children are not even paid for the work that they do because their parents sold them to pay of their debt,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Suggest to the countries to stop this inhuman practice.
  2. Urge other countries to stop buying the goods made in these factories.

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Resolution HR-61

Re: Continuing Crisis in Chernobyl
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: Afghanistan
Date: April 11, 1997

Realizing that the site of a damaged reactor in Chernobyl is continuing to leak radiation, and

Concerned that hastily buried radioactive waste is contaminating the Dnieper River, which is the water supply of three million people, and

Noting the structure surrounding the damaged reactor is rapidly deteriorating, posing the threat of nuclear fallout, and

Remembering the thousands of people who were adversely affected by massive doses of radiation in 1986, and

Bearing in mind that everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family,

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Request a scientific research committee investigate the situation to search for plausible solutions.
  2. Request funding to aid in the final disposal of the nuclear waste and construction of a more effective dome over the damaged reactor when the funds become available.

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Resolution HR-62

Re: Human Rights violations by Rebels from Zaire
Submitted to: Human Rights Committee
Sponsored by: Cyprus
Date: April 11, 1997

Aware of the harsh political struggle taking place in Zaire, and

Taking note of the large rebel movement presently in Zaire, and

Alarmed by the widespread massacre of Rwandan refugees by the Zairian rebels, and

Deeply disturbed by the unwarranted use of torture of innocent refugees by the rebels, and

Recalling Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment",

Be it hereby resolved that the General Assembly:

  1. Requests the end of all abuses and torture directed toward the Rwandan refugees.
  2. Expresses the need for immediate United Nations peace-keeping actions to help spare the remaining refugees.
  3. Calls upon all nations in the United Nations to support the United Nation’s peace-keepers with whatever assistance is necessary for the protection of the innocent.
  4. Emphasizes the need for the peace-keepers to stay in Zaire until the situation is completely resolved.
  5. Trusts in the ability of the United Nations to act swiftly in order to prevent the loss of more human life.

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Resolution SC-52

Re: Terrorism Aboard Passenger Airlines
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: Guinea-Bissau
Date: March 22, 1997

Noting that all countries of the world use passenger airliners, and

Realizing that terrorism to these airliners kills many innocent lives, and

Also noting that this type of terrorism is against international law,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. If an incident of this type occurred and after the investigation is complete.
  2. All countries give any and all information of the incident to the government that the incident occurred.
  3. The individual or party involved shall be extradited to the country the incident took place to be tried in that country’s courts.
  4. If the individual or party is convicted they shall be sentenced to death.

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Resolution SC-53

Re: The payment of National Dues
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: The People’s Republic of China
Date: March 22, 1997

Believing that it is necessary for the United Nations to maintain a strong economic base for the continuation of operations, and

Deeply concerned by the fact that member nations continue to default on payments of dues to the United Nations, and

Noting with regret that the United States, a permanent member of the Security Council and having a position of world leadership, currently is at the head of the debtors’ list, in arrears to the amount of almost $1 billion, and

Having heard the United States’ calls for reform within the United Nations before the payment of debts, and

Affirming the reform policies of the Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Aman, and

Cognizant of the fact that the United States is trying to pay its debt, and

Observing that this process has netted little result in remuneration of the United Nations, and

Realizing that efforts at reform within the United Nations are futile without the funding for implementation of these processes of change,

Be it hereby resolved that the Security Council:

  1. Calls upon the United States of America to resume payment of dues to the United Nations immediately.
  2. Requests that the entire balance of the United States’ debt be paid in full by January 1, 2002,.
  3. Recommends that if a plan for payment of this debt is not implemented by January 1, 1998, member-states of the United Nations seek to impose economic sanctions against the United States.
  4. Further recommends that if no remunerative action is taken by the United States by January 1, 1998, that country be stripped of its permanent-member status in the UN Security Council and its veto power revoked until such a time where the debt shall be paid.
  5. Resolves that after January 1, 1998, no member nation shall be in arrears to the United Nations by the amount of more than $100 million, irrespective of the amount of annual dues paid by the nation, under penalty of suspension of voting rights and privileges in all bodies of the United Nations.
  6. Authorizes the Security Council to release a country from Operative Clause #5 above due to extenuating circumstances, by a 2/3 majority vote which includes the approval of all five permanent members.

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Resolution SC-54

Re: Troops to Afghanistan
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: Russian Federation
Date: April 11, 1997

Noting with regret the continuing conflict in Afghanistan, and

Deeply concerned that Afghanistan’s conflict provides a means for terrorism, arms transfers, and drug trafficking, among other activities promoting instability within and surrounding Afghanistan,

Be it hereby resolved that the Security Council:

  1. Urges the international community to continue efforts to help promote a resolution to Afghanistan’s conflict.
  2. Calls upon the United Nations to summon forces to be sent to Afghanistan to ensure the security of the borders between Afghanistan and the surrounding nations until this conflict comes to a peaceful resolution, and is no longer a threat to the world community.

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Resolution SC-55

Re: Civil Strife in Afghanistan
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: People’s Republic of China
Date: April 11, 1997

Observing the armed conflict in Afghanistan between the Taliban army of religious students and the deposed national military, and

Cognizant of the fact that the Taliban army now controls two-thirds of that country, and

Reaffirming the principle of national sovereignty within the Charter of the United Nations, whereby a nation may make its own decisions regarding self-government without the interference of the United Nations, and

Guided by Resolution PS-12, submitted to the Political and Security Committee of the United Nations by Afghanistan on November 6, 1996, which requests that the United Nations remunerate the Taliban army in order to enforce peace, and

Believing that this request acknowledges the official nature of the Taliban regime, as the UN aid is directed to the Taliban government as opposed to the traditional government of Afghanistan, and

Seeking overall a peaceful resolution to the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan,

Be it hereby resolved that the Security Council:

  1. Recognizes the Taliban leadership as the official government of Afghanistan.
  2. Accepts a Taliban delegation into the General Assembly of the United Nations to replace the former delegation from Afghanistan.
  3. Encourages the Taliban and deposed governmental forces to declare a cease-fire in Afghanistan.
  4. Calls upon the leaders of the factions to begin talks in order to resolve the conflict without further bloodshed.
  5. Solemnly affirms the right of all people to live in peace and personal security.

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Resolution SC-56

Re: The Payment of National Dues
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: People’s Republic of China
Date: April 11, 1997

Believing that it is necessary for the United Nations to maintain a strong economic base for the continuation of operations, and

Deeply concerned by the fact that member nations continue to default on payments of dues to the United Nations, and

Noting with regret that the United States, a permanent member of the Security Council and having a position of world leadership, currently is at the head of the debtors’ list in arrears to the amount of almost $1 billion, and

Having heard the United States’ calls for reform within the United Nations before the payment of debts, and

Affirming the reform policies of the Secretary-General, Mr. Kofi Annan, and

Cognizant of the fact that the United States is trying to pay its debt, and

Observing that this process has netted little result in remuneration of the United Nations, and

Realizing that efforts at reform within the United Nations are futile without the funding for implementation of these process of change,

Be it hereby resolved that the Security Council:

  1. Calls upon the United States of America to resume payment of dues to the United Nations immediately.
  2. Requests that the entire balance of United States debt be paid in full by January 1, 2002.
  3. Recommends that if a plan for payment of this debt is not implemented by January 1, 1998, member states of the United Nations seek to impose economic sanctions against the United States.
  4. Further recommends that if no remunerative action is taken by the United States by January 1, 1998, that country be stripped of its permanent member status in the UN Security Council and its veto power revoked until such a time where the debt shall be paid.
  5. Resolve that after January 1, 1998, no member nation shall be in arrears to the United Nations by the amount of more than $100 million, irrespective of the amount of annual dues paid by the nation, under penalty of suspension of voting rights and privileges in all bodies of the United Nations.
  6. Authorizes the Security Council to temporarily release a country from Operative Clause #5 above due to extenuating circumstances by a 2/3 majority vote which includes the approval of all five permanent members.

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Resolution SC-57

Re: Abuse of Diplomatic Immunity
Submitted to: Security Council
Sponsored by: Guinea-Bissau
Date: April 11, 1997

Acknowledging that the powers of diplomatic immunity, which are granted for the safety of the diplomats in foreign countries, are needed, and

Seeing how these powers can be used and are used for personal reasons which are wasteful and violate U.N. codes of conduct, and

Bearing in mind that some delegates misuse and abuse these powers, and at times put innocent lives in danger,

Be it hereby resolved that:

  1. The U.N. will set up a committee that will investigate any charges or allegations of the misuse of the immunity.
  2. The committee will send a recommendation to the Security Council as to whether or not removal of diplomatic immunity is in order in a given circumstance.
  3. The Security Council will have the power to remove diplomatic immunity by means of majority vote.
  4. Any official found guilty of misuse of their powers will be tried by the International Court of Justice.

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Resolution GA-01

Note: This resolution tentatively passed the General Assembly, 16-2-1. However, there are questions about the legality of the General Assembly taking such action. We are seeking "legal briefs" on the issue before our April 11, 1997 session. If you have thoughts on the matter, please E-Mail us at civitas@inlink.com

Re.: Modifying Veto Power in Security Council
Submitted to: General Assembly
Submitted by: United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, Iceland, United Kingdom, Romania, United States, Poland
Date: March 22, 1997

Whereas there is critical abuse of the veto in the Security council, and

Noting that in every session quality resolutions are being destroyed by countries without a global interest, and

Stressing that the aforementioned resolutions could otherwise be helpful on the global scale,

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. The General Assembly have the ability, in special session, to capture vetoed resolutions and by two-thirds majority vote to override the standing vet.
  2. The Security Council will not be able to reseize "veto negated" resolutions.
  3. The General Assembly will not be able to claim resolutions that were vetoed by two or more Security Council countries.
  4. These operative clauses be reformed as permanent amendments to the U.N. charter.
  5. The General Assembly may not take any resolution in reference to peace-keeping operations or voting rights.

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Resolution GA-02

Re.: Voting Rights for Vatican City and the Palestinian Liberation Organization
Submitted to: General Assembly
Submitted by: United States, United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, Greece
Date: March 22, 1997

Be It Hereby Resolved That:

  1. Voting rights be extended to Vatican City.
  2. Voting rights be extended to the Palestinian Liberation Organization.
  3. These measures, when passed by both the General Assembly and the Security Council, will take effect immediately.

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