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Resolutions for the 2016 Model UN (afternoon)

Below are the submitted resolutions for the PM session. The session will be from 1:00 -4:00 pm at the Creve Coeur Drury Inn. Details about the session can be found by clicking here. To submit a resolution, please email it to info@civitas-stl.com . The deadline for resolution submission is 4:00 pm on Tuesday, November 15th.

We are working hard to get all of the resolutions online. There was a flood of them at the deadline, so not all submitted resolutions will be discussed on Saturday.


SponsorTopicCommittee
SyriaThe Syrian Civil WarGeneral Assembly
Turkey
Military Coup D’état Attempt
General Assembly
Jordan
Water Scarcity
General Assembly
the Netherlands
Protection/education for women and LGBTQ+ people
General Assembly
United KingdomDefined Areas for Refugee’s WelfareGeneral Assembly
PakistanEducation in PakistanGeneral Assembly
IndiaHuman TraffickingGeneral Assembly
IsraelIran Nuclear DealGeneral Assembly
UkraineStandard of Living in CrimeaGeneral Assembly
South KoreaAmendment of the Nuclear Non-proliferation TreatyGeneral Assembly


PM-01
 Katie Barefield

Re.:                             The Syrian Civil War

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Syria

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Whereas Article 12 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to protection of the law against such interference and attacks.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Concerned that: the Syrian War is being under looked and wrongfully labeled as a Syrian Refugee problem. Several countries complain and debate about “how are they going to take in more refugees?”, and

Noting that no one is saying there isn’t a problem here. In fact, CNN stated on October 21st that, “The top UN human rights official called the siege and bombardment of eastern Aleppo “crimes of historic proportions” on Friday, and accused all parties of violating international humanitarian law in Syria” so we all must admit to some degree that the war is a major issue. However, nothing is getting done.  We are sending aid workers and peacekeepers, but 13.5 million people in Syria still need our help, and

Recognizing that only labeling this as a “Refugee Crisis” is like putting a band-aid on a stab wound.  If we want to solve the problem with the refugees, we are going to have to start by addressing it by its true name, The Syrian War Crisis. Without this war, there wouldn’t be a refugee crisis, and

Ashamed that Syria is in total turmoil, I turn to you in a plea that you will not let Syrian people suffer in agony while you all sit wealthy and safe

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Syria requests that worldly powers withdraw their funding of Syrian rebels and purchase of weaponry, so the court may try said rebels for crimes of war.
  2. Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Russia, China, Iran, US, Israel, Turkey, European Union, Jordan, and every other country involved in this war must sign an agreement of peace. If they fail to do so, the UN will increase their dues by 0.5%. Failure to sign the peace treaty will result in the trade sanctions of said country.
  3. Commit to disposing of the machines, such as: tanks, grenades, machine guns, semi-automatic guns, and any other explosives from civilians in densely populated areas, and making sure suppliers of weapons are punished accordingly.
  4. Ensure humanitarian assistance to the fighters in Assad’s regime.
  5. Assuring that at least $30 million of the UN’s $2 billion operating budget go towards the upkeep of Internally displaced camps (which we will set up). Syria will use this money to make schools in the camps that will teach the kids how to read and write as well as own a business and how politics work. Syria will also use this money for their health, giving families and individuals the allotted amount of food, water, and money that they need until they can support themselves, so Syria will have a more educated country.
  6. We will create jobs in these camps and make it like its own small community to re-educate these people on how a country should run.
  7. Other countries seem to be affected by the huge migration from this Arab Spring, so, once Assad wins this war, send Syrian refugees back.

Reducing the casualties of this war and keeping Syrians in Syria are our top priorities.


PM-02

Re.:                             Military Coup D’état Attempt

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Turkey

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Noting with deep concern that The United Nations Security Council failed to condemn the violence and destruction from the coup, and

Whereas the United States, the European Union, NATO and several international organizations called for the “respect of democratic institutions in Turkey and its elected officials” to prevent any bloodshed, and

Appalled by the July 15th coup attempt against state institutions in Turkey signaling the country’s emergency, revoking the violation to civilians and breaking down the peace process. The coup led over 265 deaths and 21,000 injuries along with other governmental building destructions, and

Observing that the post-coup raised threats to security throughout the country, made it safe for people to reside and travel, and

Stressing the UNSC’s responsibility to protect all populations from crimes against humanity, and to help states exercise this responsibility and build capacity to protect their civilians,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Urges the UNSC to ask relevant countries to support the formation of a new committee with the aims of:
    1. Investigating human rights violations during the radical seizure of the attempted coup
    2. Recommending realistic solutions to resolve this problem that adheres to universally accepted human rights
    3. Coordinating with NGOs to combat against the human rights abuses in those regions
  2. Recommends the creation of a separated resolution to determine the levels of urgency and aiding amount the committee should be received.
  3. Expresses our hope that this time, UNSC will denounce the critical crime of the troop.
  4. Requests that the WHO should ensure emergency healthcare to minimize the number of fatalities during the assault.
  5. Calls for the extension of preventive actions and assurance of post-coup during the country’s reconstruction and development.
  6. Stresses that the army has brutally attacked civilians, repressed governmental officials and will Turkish politics and society in a negative shape. That being said, any advice and counseling may be necessary to recover from the disorders.

PM-03

Re.:                             Water Scarcity

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Jordan

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Alarmed that Jordan has one of the lowest levels of water resource availability, per capita, in the world, and

Worried that water scarcity will become an even greater problem over the next two decades as the population doubles and climate change potentially makes precipitation more uncertain and variable, particularly in this region, and

Concerned that the per capita water availability will decline to measly 90m3 by the year 2025 (average needed in country = 700m3 to 100m3), and

Shocked that Jordan is suffering from a severe drought, but while climate change is a problem, the political climate in the Middle East is making things worse, and

Recognizing that the reduction of water scarcity is a goal of many countries and governments,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Ask the member nations of the Arab League to fund desalinization facilities to process saltwater into freshwater.
  2. Ask the Arab League and the Russia to pressure the Assad regime of Syria to find a peace resolution to help with the refugee crisis that puts pressure on Jordan’s resources.
  3. Request funding support from UNICEF.


PM-04

 Emily Underwood

Re.:                             Protection/education for women and LGBTQ+ people

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Netherlands

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”, and

Whereas Article 2 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without any distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.”, and

Whereas Article 7 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All are equal before the law and are entitled without discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.”, and

Whereas Article 16 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage, and at its dissolution.”, and

Whereas Article 16 section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.”, and

Whereas Article 16 section 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance, and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United nations for the maintenance of peace.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.”, and

Whereas 600 LGBTQ+ people were reported dead in the Americas during a 15-month period, and

Whereas homosexuality is criminalized in Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Madeira, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Melilla, Mozambique, Namibia,  Nigeria SADR/Sahrawi Arab Dem. Rep., Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra, Leone, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tristan da Cunha, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Burma, Indonesia, Kiribati, Malaysia, Maldives, Nauru, North Korea ,Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tonga, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uzbekistan, Turkish Republic Northern Cyprus, Chechnya – Southern Province, Algeria, Iran, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Gaza, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago, and

Whereas in Iran, Yemen, Mauritania, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates homosexuality is punishable by death. (For men), and

Whereas the world’s biggest mass shooting targeted LGBTQ+ people (Pulse Shooting), and

Whereas 34 million girls drop out of school every year, and

Whereas Two thirds of illiterate people are female,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Create the Organization For Protection and Education of Women and LGBTQ+ People (Or OPEWL) This organization will shelter and educate women and LGBTQ+ people.
  2. If each nation were to donate 2% of their gross national income, it would provide the funding for the construction of four centers in Somalia, United Arab Emirates, Nigeria, and Trinidad and Tobago. The building cost would be $4 million. The maximum capacity for all facilities would be 300 people. Not including staff, that’s room for 252 people. The yearly budget is as follows: $8,370,000 towards the salaries of 48 employees per center (6.75%) (2 community directors and planners to plan the futures of residents, 4 maintenance, 14 food staff, 7 administrative workers, 3 therapists, 5 medics, 10 guards, 8 job trainers), $1,500,000 for food, $600,000 for job training, $2,500 for publicity.
  3. Each resident would be responsible for 20 hours of work to maintain the facility, and 10 hours a week of job training. When they choose so, they can apply to immigrate to a safer country, or employment within OPEWL. Every 3 years, each facility will be subject to an inspection. If 2 or fewer people have died of unnatural causes (staff or resident) and the facility is clean and functioning, it passes the inspection.
  4. Stressing the fact that the united nations has the capacity to affect the humanitarian protection and/or support of LGBTQ+ people and women across the world.
  5. We urge on behalf of the Netherlands that member states adhere to the goals of the UN and assist us with this issue.


PM-05
Jarred McCormick

Re.:                             Defined Areas for Refugee’s Welfare

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            United Kingdom

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Whereas Article 14 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.”, and

Whereas Article 23 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.”, and

Whereas Article 23 section 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.”, and

Concerned that the number of refugees moving to Europe is up 1.3 million as of 2015, and

Noting that the vetting process takes 18-24 months in European and American countries, and

Hoping that refugees could be able to enter into countries in a more timely fashion, and

Appalled that many refugees that move to other countries with prior job experience and education are unable to participate in the jobs that they are experienced in, and

Emphasizing that refugees are a group that need our help to make a better life for themselves,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Camps will be made for the purpose of housing, teaching, and giving job opportunities to incoming refugees so they can be effective members of society when entering Europe.
  2. Camps will house up to 150,000 refugees and take up one square kilometer.
  3. One camp will be constructed in a volunteer nation. This camp will be monitored to observe the number of refugees passing through and entering European countries. After 3 years, the United Nations will assess the effectiveness of the camp, then make a decision on whether to continue and expand the project or not.
  4. The UN requests that countries wishing to host one of these camps donate one square kilometer for the camp to be located in. Countries will receive a 1% UN dues reduction for as long as they host the camp.
  5. The camp will cost approximately $150 million dollars for the first year, but after that would only cost approx. $100 million dollars per year. The first year’s cost includes housing for the refugees, staffing, food, building costs, and other utilities. The subsequent years’ costs exclude the initial building cost.
  6. To pay for this project, the dues of the 10 highest paying nations will be increased by 8% for the first year, though reduced to 6% for the years after this. The UN will also accept donations from 3rd parties wishing to support our plan.


PM-06
Deana Farmer, Ellen Hollins

 

Re.:                             Education in Pakistan

Submitted to:             General Assembly

Submitted by:            Pakistan

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”, and

Whereas Article 5 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.”, and

Whereas Article 26, section 2 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance, and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United nations for the maintenance of peace.”, and

Alarmed that spending on education has dropped from 2.6% of GNP in 1999 to 2.4% in 2012, and

Noting that the original funding for education was never large to being with a lot of money there is no way to be able to build more schools and increase the number of students attending, and

Recognizing in Pakistan, 5.4 million children of primary school age are not in school; 62% of them are girls, and

Whereas 7 million adolescents in Pakistan are not in school; 54% of them are girls, and

Alarmed that many children are missing school. How can an economy function with no educated people? There will be a mass deficiency in working class people without education, and

Whereas the Taliban has held massive attacks on schools in Pakistan using grenades and other weapons of mass destruction, and

Concerning that the number of schools to decrease. Also causing an increasing number of death to children and adolescents. This money is also being put into the military to be able to afford the weapons to do these school attacks,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. We would like to raise the education budget to 10% and get rid of the Taliban.
  2. We would like to take half of the budget from military and put it towards education. We would do so by taking away 2% of the military budget in weaponry over the course of five years. With this money we will build new schools, buy school supplies, and pay for college. This would cost us around 50,000 dollars since we would have to pay for workers to build the buildings.
  3. To get rid of the Taliban we will call on help from outside nations. We would put them in a reforment center and also since they have such a big impact on the citizens, we would use them to persuade the citizens to go to college or maybe get jobs. This would cost us around 3,000,000 dollars because we would have to pay for a facility and pay for outside sources to help us.


PM-07

Re.:                             Human Trafficking

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:           India

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”, and

Whereas Article 5 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”, and

Whereas Article 4 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.”, and

Noting that human trafficking is defined by The United States Victims of Trafficking and Violence Prevention Act of 2001 as “the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.”; and

Alarmed that according to United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), there are an estimated 21 million people who are being trafficked around the word. There are more slaves today than in any other point in history; and

Deeply concerned that worldwide, an incredibly small number are ever rescued; according to Abolishing Injustice in the 21st Century, only 1-2% are freed. The countless other people who are never rescued are subject to terrible beatings, hours of forced labor, extreme malnutrition, and are often killed for the slightest disobedience if they do not die from treatment; and

Deeply concerned that for the people who escape human trafficking, freedom can become another nightmare. Shelters, if there are any available, are extremely low quality, sometimes without running water or adequate food, according to the US State Department. Mental health care is often extremely sub par, not allowing for recovery.

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. The United Nations will start a program called Rehabilitation for Victims of Human Trafficking (RVHT). The goal of RVHT will be to help mend the mental and physical damage inflicted on trafficked people and allow them to heal and become able members of society.
  1. RVHT will build rehabilitation centers that have a system focusing on three main areas of recovery: physical recovery, mental recovery, and social recovery. To begin the program, we will build two centers in each of the 29 states in India, totaling 58 centers.
  1. Staff will include social workers, psychologists, medical doctors and teachers; all personnel will be trained on how to work with formerly trafficked people. These people will work to create an individualized plan for each person to become an able member of society. Working together, the staff will help victims with legal troubles, mental and physical health problems, and the transition to independent living in about a year of living in the rehabilitation center.
  1. The cost to build a single 36,000 square foot 125-bed shelter costs $600,000. Building all 58 would cost approximately $34,800,000. Utilities cost $904,000 per year for all shelters. The salaries of all employees will cost approximately $2,546,780 per year.  In addition, we will give each individual $600 upon leaving to help them transition into living on their own. If 100 people leave each shelter a year, this will total about $3,480,000. The total costs per year will be $7,000,000. Meaning, over the course of 5 years, over 36,000 people will have gone through and been helped by the shelter at only $967 per person per year.
  1. To fund RVHT, we are asking that the United Nations raise the dues of the ten countries that pay the most dues (United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, Canada, Spain) by 0.3607%. This will increase the budget of the United Nations by roughly $7,000,000 per year. RVHT will also accept donations by the general public, which may lower the amount dues have to be raised over time.
  1. For the first 5 years of RVHT, $7,000,000 a year will be used to build the rehabilitation centers. After they are completed, $6,930,780 annually will be used to pay for utilities, staff salaries, transitional money for victims. The remaining $69,220 will be spent on miscellaneous costs, such as repairs or renovations to the buildings and donations to charities working to end human trafficking across the globe, such as Polaris and Prajwala.
  1. In 10 years, 5 years after the rehabilitation centers have opened and taken in victims, the United Nations will discuss the success of RVHT. If deemed successful, plans can be made to expand to other countries that have large amounts of human trafficking, such as Thailand or Bangladesh.

 



PM-08
Mara Hahn

Re.:                             Iran Nuclear Deal

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            Israel

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 26 of the U.N. Charter states that, “In order to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security…the Security Council shall be responsible…for the establishment of a system for the regulation of armaments,”, and

Concerned that the current Iran Nuclear Arms deal will not prevent or lead to the declination of the production of more nuclear weapons within the country, and

Aware of the possibility that Iran might use any nuclear weapons may be used against their enemies to aid their allies in attacks against innocent civilians, and

Embarrassed by the zealous religious theocracy that governs Iran, and

Acknowledging that the current religious tensions in Iran might spark the use of such weapons sparking further civil or international conflict, and

Noting that the current deal only surveys and slows Iran’s nuclear arms building process, but does not prevent the creation of new weapons, and

Recalling that the U.N. had called for a nuclear arms ban during the 71st General Assembly that was largely supported, and

Questioning why the U.N. would exempt Iran from this deal, and

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Keep the close monitoring of any nuclear imports and usage in Iran by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
  2. Create the SNWCC (Supervision of Nuclear Weapons Creation Committee), a separate U.N. committee to review information received by the IAEA to determine if Iran’s nuclear activities have a chance of posing a nuclear threat, which will include permanent Security Council nations and non-permanent members in the region (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, Egypt) that can view that information and have input in the council, and give appoint Israel as the head of this council. The council will employ a team of 5 scientists and 20 supervisors to monitor Iran’s building process and measure the amount of uranium being imported.
  3. The program will run for 5 years so as to guarantee the effectiveness of to observe the process and make sure that no new weapons are created.
    1. After 5 years, the SNWCC will conduct a final evaluation of all uranium coming into Iran. If uranium levels are low enough to greatly limit Iran’s building of nuclear weapons, the SNWCC will close. If not, the committee will continue for another 5 years until uranium levels are satisfactory.
    2. If expanded, the program could also expand to supervise other countries seeking nuclear power.
  4. Funding will come from countries with nuclear weapons, so they are responsible for their powers. This includes the United States, China, France, India, and the United Kingdom.
  5. We will need $14,300,000 total for:
    1. $150,000 for 150 security cameras
    2. $2,450,000 for SNWCC scientists’ salaries per year, for 5 years
    3. $11,700,000 for SNWCC for SNWCC supervisors’ salary, per year, for 5 years


PM-09
Maria Boehm, Maddie Jackson

Re.:                             Defined Areas for Refugee’s Welfare

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            United Kingdom

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas Article 23 section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.”, and

Whereas Article 25, section 1 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing, and medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.”, and

Angered that Russia annexed Crimea, a former part of Ukraine, which has resulted in several clashes, including the War of Donbass, that have killed over nine thousand people, and

Appalled that the war in Donbass has created tens of thousands of internal refugees in Crimea who have trouble getting jobs, healthcare, and shelter, and

Emphasizing that Russia continues to promote the separatist movement without merging Crimea into its economy, and

Concerned that Crimea’s unemployment rate has risen by 7% since its annexation by Russia, and

Commending the Group of Seven—Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States—for placing a sanction on Russia’s oil and natural gas industries,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Encourages countries to recognize refugees in lesser known places, especially internal refugees, and provide help when possible.
  2. Demands Russia provide accessible jobs, healthcare, and shelter to internal refugees of Crimea and other Russian-occupied parts of Ukraine, such as half of Donbass.
  3. If Russia does not comply, urges other countries to join the Group of Seven in sanctioning Russia’s oil and natural gas industries in order to maintain good relations with the major powers within the group.
  4. Commends the aid of organizations such as the UNHCR and the Red Cross and hopes for the further development of awareness of this issue.

 



PM-10

 Ximeng Luo, Kimberley Tran

 

Re.:                             Amendment of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

Submitted to:            General Assembly

Submitted by:            South Korea

Date:                           November 19, 2016

Whereas The Preamble of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace in the world.”, and

Whereas The Preamble of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “it is essential to promote the development of friendly relationships between nations.”, and

Whereas Article 3 of the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS states, “Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person.”, and

Alarmed that nine known countries (United States, Russia, UK, France, China, N. Korea, India, Pakistan, and Israel) possess around 16,300 nuclear weapons total, with the United States and Russia accounting for 93% of this supply, not including the thousands of nuclear weapons unaware of from other countries, and

Deeply concerned that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) employed by the UN has failed to significantly reduce the number of nuclear weapons already present in the world and failed to regulate NPT and non-NPT countries from conducting secret nuclear activities, and

Fully aware that acts of nuclear warfare could devastate the lives of millions of citizens worldwide with poverty, starvation, and radiation concerns, render the surrounding natural environments unlivable for generations to come, and fully threaten the stability and peace of all countries as a whole, and

Urging the cooperation of all states on this particular issue,

Be It Hereby Resolved That The General Assembly:

  1. Proposes that this amendment is to strengthen the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT). All articles previously written stand, but must be amended.
  1. Admits that every country has the right to peacefully use nuclear energy, yet any aggression or act of violence from creating or testing nuclear weapons shall be strictly regulated by the following standards in this amendment.
  1. Reiterates that unless nuclear weapons are significantly reduced in the status quo, the risks of acts of terrorism and nuclear warfare are still prevalent.
  1. Agrees to fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as it conducts frequent inspections of nuclear facilities (for both peaceful and non-peaceful purposes), guides non-nuclear-weapon states in exploiting nuclear power, and supervises nuclear-weapon states’ nuclear activities.
  1. Condemns detected states part of the Treaty if they are discovered to be harboring nuclear weapons or conducting nuclear tests. If this occurs, member states of the treaty shall call a meeting with more than half of the countries a part of the UN present. The member states will then form a temporary committee, which will vote to impose the degree of trade sanctions upon the state that breaks the rule. Additionally, the detected state will be penalized through an increase of its dues in the UN by 1%. The fine will be allocated to the IAEA to fund nuclear technology research and to promote the development of safe nuclear energy.
  1. Recognizes that countries who withdraw from the treaty or who have not signed the treaty in order to pursue dangerous nuclear prospects will be violating international treaty law and world peace. If diplomatic negotiations with the offending country fail, harsher punishments will be inflicted. The Security Council will decide if UN Peacekeeping forces will need to be deployed.
  1. Asserts that by ratifying this amendment, member states agree not to transfer nuclear weapons to assist other states with their inventions or to utilize nuclear weapons on other states. If found doing so, the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the General Assembly will be called to action in order to consider the proper penalties. In extreme cases involving international human rights abuses from a country’s usage of nuclear weapons, the offending violations will be taken care of by the International Criminal Court.
  1. Strongly encourages all UN member states to join this treaty.
  1. Opens this amendment to all states for signature, and shall enter into force after its ratification by over forty states.
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